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Flashcards in Plains Deck (44)
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1

How many migrants are in the West in the 1840s?

The number of migrants in the west is still small. Migrants had to rely on each other so lawlessness is only a minimal problem.

2

What did the growth of California in the 1850’s lead to?

Problems with law and order

3

What was common California crime in the 1850’s ?

Claim jumping, salting a claim, drunken violence and racist crime.

4

What happened with Chinese immigration in 1851?

Famine in China led to Chinese migrants coming to California. From 2000 in 1851 to 20 000 in 1852.

5

What did the influx in Chinese migrants lead to?

It lead to racist violence as some Chinese migrants took the jobs of the miners under ground.

6

What did vigilante committees do in San Francisco in 1851 to “tackle crime” ?

They hung 89 suspect s despite having no authority to do this

7

In what year was Billy the kid born?

1859

8

What did many miners do in 1850-1851?

Moved into underground mines and some became unemployed leading to more crime because of the lack of jobs.

9

When was the civil war?

1861-1865.

10

Why would civil war deserters go to the west?

They would flee west because of the little law and order there.

11

Who were the Reno Gang?

A group of civil war deserters. Carried out train robberies in 1866, 1867 and 1868. Their fourth robbery netted them $96 000.

12

What did jedidiah smith do in 1825?

Publicises his route through the Rocky Mountains called the Oregon trail.

13

What happened to the American economy in 1837?

Economic collapse on the east coast of America causes 25% of people to lose their jobs.

14

Who was wild bill

A sheriff

15

When was billy the kid born?

1830

16

Who was billy the kid

An outlaw

17

Why did law enforcement sometimes fail?

The sheriffs were corrupt

18

How was wild bill killed

Shot in the back while gambling

19

What was the great die up

Decline of the cattle industry

20

When was the Oregon Trail pioneered

1861

21

What were the problems in the west during the gold rush

Claim jumping. Salting a claim. Racial violence

22

Who were the Donner Party

A failed migration party

23

How many people had to be in a territory for a sheriff to be appointed?

60,000

24

When was the Oregon Trail pioneered

1861

25

What were the problems in the west during the gold rush

Claim jumping. Salting a claim. Racial violence

26

Who were the Donner Party

A failed migration party

27

How many people had to be in a territory for a sheriff to be appointed?

60,000

28

When was the railroad completed

1869

29

How many companies worked on the railroad?

2

30

What were these companies called?

Central Pacific railroad and Union Pacific railroad