Plants Flashcards Preview

Biology 1114 > Plants > Flashcards

Flashcards in Plants Deck (20):
1

Domain, Kingdom

Eukarya, Plantae

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# land plant species

300,000

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Discovered

475 mya

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Key traits

apical meristems, tough resistant spores, special organs for production of gametes

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Non-Vascular plants

simplest, lack roots/vascular tissue. mosses, liveworts

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Bryophytes

mosses, liverworts, hornworts

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Vascular tissue

xylem- transports water and minerals up
phloem- transports nutrients down

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Plant adaptations

embryo protection, vascular tissue, seeds, flowers and fruits

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Gymnosperms

first plants to evolve seeds, don't need water, don't produce fruit

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Stamen

male reproductive structure for flower

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anther

produces pollen, part of stamen

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filament

supporting stalk, part of stamen

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carpel

female system

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sitgma

sticky tip, carpel

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style

elongated stalk, carpel

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ovary

contains ovules, carpel

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sepal

outermost leaf like green parts

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petals

colorful attractant

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seed dispersal

wind, water, stomach, etc.

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Angiosperms

first and only plants to have flowers and produce fruit