Plato, Republic 1, 338a-e Flashcards Preview

Plato, Republic I Vocabulary > Plato, Republic 1, 338a-e > Flashcards

Flashcards in Plato, Republic 1, 338a-e Deck (44):
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2

χαρίζομαι 338a

grant as a favor

3

φθονέω

envy; refuse out of envy, begrudge

4

διδάσκω, διδάξω, ἐδίδαξα, δεδίδαχα, δεδίδαγμαι, ἐδιδάχθην

teach

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δέομαι

need, require, beg

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φανερός, ά, όν

known; conspicuous, remarkable; obvious

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ἐπιθυμέω

set one’s heart on, long for, desire

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εὐδοκιμέω

be in good repute

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πάγκαλος, η, ον

splendid, glorious

10

προσποιέομαι

pretend

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φιλονεικέω

strive, insist

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τελευτάω

complete (trans); die; come to an end

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συγχωρέω

allow, concede

14

σοφία, ἡ 338b

wisdom

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μανθάνω, μαθήσομαι, ἔμαθον, μεμάθηκα *

learn

16

χάρις, χάριτος (acc. χάριν)

charm; gratitude

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ἐκτίνω, ἐκείσω, ἐξέτεισα, ἐκτέτεικα

pay off, pay in full

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ψεύδω, ψεύσω, ἔψευσα, ἔψευσμαι, ἐψεύσθην

deceive; (middle) lie

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ἐπαινέω, ἐπαινέσω or ἐπαινέσομαι, ἐπῄνεσα, ἐπῄνεκα

approve, commend; praise

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προθύμως

readily, zealously

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δράω, δράσω, ἔδρασα, δέδρακα, δέδραμαι, ἐδράσθην

do

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αὐτίκα

immediately; for instance

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οὔπω or οὔ πω 338c

not yet

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τοιόσδε, τοιάδε, τοιόνδε

such as this

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παγκρατιαστής, ου, ὁ

one who practices the παγκράτιον (a kind of extreme wrestling / boxing)

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βόειος, α, ον

of an ox

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κρέας, κρέως (nom. / acc. pl. κρέα), n.

flesh

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σιτίον, τό 338d

food, diet

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ἥσσων (ἥττων), ἧσσον

weaker, fewer, worse

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βδελυρός, ά, όν

disgusting

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ταύτῃ

this way, thus (Smyth sec. 346)

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ὑπολαμβάνω

think, judge; interrupt

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κακουργέω

injure

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ἄριστος, η, ον

best

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τυραννέω

subject to the rule of a single man

36

δημοκρατέομαι

be ruled democratically

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ἀριστοκρατέομαι

be governed by an aristocracy

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τυραννίς, ίδος, ἡ 338e

the rule of one man, monarchy; despotic rule

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ἀποφαίνω

display; make known, declare; make clear

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ἐκβαίνω, ἐκβήσομαι, ἐξέβην, ἐκβέβηκα

step out of; depart from

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κολάζω, κολάσω, ἐκόλασα, κεκόλασμαι

punish

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παρανομέω, παρανομήσω, παρενόμησα, παρενενόμηκα

act unlawfully

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ἀδικέω

do wrong

44

συμφέρον, οντος, τό

use, profit, advantage (συμφέρω “collect; be useful)