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Flashcards in PNF Deck (48)
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1

D1 Pattern for Scapula

Anterior elevation
Posterior depression

2

D1 Pattern for UE

Flexion, adduction, ER (wrist and finger flexion as well)
Extension, abduction, IR (wrist and finger extension)

3

D1 Pattern for Pelvis

Anterior elevation
Posterior depression

4

D1 Pattern for LE

Flexion, Adduction, ER, DF, Inversion
Extension, Abduction, IR, PF, Eversion

5

D2 Pattern for Scapula

Anterior depression
Posterior elevation

6

D2 Pattern for UE

Flexion, abduction, ER
Extension, adduction, IR

7

D2 Pattern for Scapula

Anterior depression
Posterior elevation

8

D2 Pattern for LE

Flexion, abduction, IR, DF, Eversion
Extension, adduction, ER, PF, Inversion

9

List the 10 procedures and principles of PNF

Body position
Manual contact
Verbal command
Vision
Irradiation

Resistance
Stretch
Traction and approximation
Timing
Patterns

10

This procedure is used to facilitate a SMOOTH, COORDINATED contraction. It must be APPROPRIATE. It will also change with the arc of movement

Resistance

11

This procedure is the SPREAD of the response of STIMULATION

Irradiation

12

This procedure gives the patient information about the direction of movement. A lumbrical grip is often utilized

Manual contact

13

This procedure explains how the therapist is in line with the desired motion to provide guidance and control

Body position

14

This procedure must be simple and clear. The tone of the command significantly influences the QUALITY of the response. The direction and type of contraction can be indicated

Verbal command

15

This procedure helps the patient to control, direct, and learn the movement. Can influence total body movement and crossing of midline

Vision

16

This procedure is the use of muscle elongation and the stretch reflex to facilitate contraction and decrease muscle fatigue

Stretch

17

This technique is used for elongation or compression of the limbs and the trunk

Traction and approximation

18

This technique is the sequencing of motion

Timing

19

This technique is synergistic mass movements

Patterns

20

Name the three neuromuscular re-education techniques

Rhythmic initiation
Repeated stretch
Replication

21

This is a rhythmic motion performed through the desired range starting with PASSIVE motion and progressing to ACTIVE resisted movement

Rhythmic initiation

22

Stretch reflex elicited from muscles under tension of elongation

Repeated stretch

23

Placing a patient at the END position of a pattern, asking for a hold and then relax (therapist passively moves away from end position), finish with an active return back to end position

Replication

24

Name the 2 strengthening techniques

Combination of isotonics
Reversals

25

Concentric, eccentric, and stabilizing contractions to a group of muscles without relaxation

Combination of isotonics

26

Active motion changing from one direction to the opposite without pause of relaxation

Reversals

27

Name the 4 stretching techniques

Hold relax
Contract relax
Agonist contraction
Hold relax with agonist contraction

28

Resisted contraction of the restricting muscles followed by relaxation and movement into the increased range

Hold relax and contract relax

29

A concentric contraction of the agonist with an end range hold (several seconds)

Agonist contraction

30

Take target (range limited) muscle to end range, isometrically contract target muscle, follow with a relaxation and finish with a concentric contraction of the muscle opposite the range limited muscle

Hold relax with agonist contraction

31

This is the range limiting muscle

Antagonist

32

This is the prime mover- the muscle opposite the range limiting target muscle

Agonist

33

Techniques to initiate motion

RI
Repeated stretch

34

Techniques to learn movement

RI
Repeated Stretch
Replication
CI

35

Techniques to change rate of motion

RI
Repeated stretch
Reversals

36

Techniques to increase strength

CI
Repeated stretch
Reversals
Rhythmic stabilization

37

Techniques to increase stability

CI
Reversals
Rhythmic stabilization

38

Techniques to increase control

RI
CI
Reversals
Rhythmic stabilization
Repeated stretch

39

Techniques to increase endurance

Reversals
Rhythmic stabilization

40

Techniques to increase ROM

Reversals
Rhythmic stabilizations
Repeated stretch
Contract relax

41

Techniques to decrease pain

RI
Rhythmic stabilization
Hold relax

42

Scapular pattern 1- scapular anterior elevation muscles

Levator scap
Serratus anterior
Rhomboids

43

Scapular pattern 1- Posterior depression

Lower serratus anterior
Rhomboids
LATS

44

Scapular pattern 2- Posterior elevation muscles

Levator scap
Upper traps

45

Scapular pattern 2- Anterior depression muscles

Serratus anterior
Rhomboid
Pec minor/major

46

Pelvic pattern-anterior elevation muscles

Internal and external oblique

47

Pelvic pattern- posterior depression

C/L quadratus lumborum
Iliocostalis lumborum
Longissimus thoracic

48

Postural facilitations include:

APT/PPT
Lumbar traction
Clavicular spread
Thoracic approximation