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Flashcards in PNF Deck (26)
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1

PNF diagonal D1 flexion UE

start with GH IR, abduction, extension
goes to GH ER, add, flexion

2

PNF diagonal D1 extension UE

start with GH ER, add, Flexion
end with GH IR, abd, Ext

3

PNF D1 flexion LE

start with hip IR, abduction and ext
end with hip ER, add, flexion

4

PNF D1 extension LE

start with hip flexion, ER, add
end with hip extension, IR, abd

5

D2 flexion UE

start with GH IR, add, ext
end with GH ER, abduc, flexion
** pulling sword

6

D2 extension UE

start with GH flexion, ER, abduction
end with GH IR, add, extension

** putting sword back

7

D2 flexion LE

hip ER, add, ext
end with hip IR, abd, flexion

8

D2 extension LE

start with hip IR, abd, flex
end with hip ER, add, ext

9

Agonist Reversals

slow isotonic shortening contraction through range followed by eccentric lengthening of same muscle

10

agonist reversal indications

weak postural muscles
inability to eccentrically control body weight during movement transitions (sitting down)

11

approximation definition

joint compression

12

approximation indications

stimulate afferent nerve endings
facilitate postural extensors promoting stability

13

contract relax definition

isotonic movement in rotation followed by isometric hold of range limiting muscles in antagonist pattern against slowly increasing resistance then passive motion and active contraction of the agonist pattern

14

contract relax indications

limited range of motion caused by muscle tightness or spasticity

15

hold relax definition

isometric contraction of the antagonistic pattern against slowly increasing resistance followed by voluntary relaxation and passive movement into the new gained range of agonist pattern.

active contraction of the agonists can also be performed and relaxes the antagonist through reciprocal inhibition

16

hold relax indications

limitations in ROM due to tightness, spasm, or pain

17

repeated contractions definition

repeated isotonic contractions induced by quick stretches and enhanced by resistance performed though the range or part of the range at a point of weakness

18

repeated contractions indications

weakness
incoordination
muscle imbalances
lack of endurance

19

rhythmic initiation definition

voluntary relaxation followed by passive movement through increasing ROM, followed by active assisted contractions progressing to resisted isotonic contractions

20

rhythmic initiation indications

spasticity
rigidity
hypertonicity
inability to initiate motion (apraxia)
motor learning deficits
communication deficits (aphasia)

21

rhythmic stabilization definition

simultaneous isometric contractions of both agonist and antagonist patterns performed without relaxation using careful grading of resistance .
co-contraction of opposite muscle groups

22

rhythmic stabilization indications

instability in weight bearing and holding
poor antigravity control
weakness
ataxia
limited ROM caused by muscle tightness or painful muscle splinting

23

slow reversal/ slow reversal hold definition

alternating isotonic contractions of agonist then antagonist patterns using careful grading of resistance and optimal facilitation.
in hold - isometric hold is added at end of motion or point of weakness

24

slow reversal/ slow reversal hold indications

inability to reverse directions
muscle weakness or imbalances
incoordination
lack of endurance

25

traction definiton

separation of joint surfaces

26

traction indications

facilitates flexor muscles
mobilizing patterns