POA - 12. Regional Nuclear Issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in POA - 12. Regional Nuclear Issues Deck (19):
1

The spread of nuclear weapons, fissile material, and weapons-related nuclear technology and information, to nations which are not recognized as Nuclear Weapon States.

Nuclear Proliferation

2

Measures to limit/stop the spread of nuclear weapons, fissile material, and weapons-related nuclear technology and information.

Nuclear Nonproliferation

3

At present, 189 countries have signed this treaty, including the only five Nuclear Weapon States

Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT)

4

One which has manufactured and exploded a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device prior to 1 Jan 1967.

Nuclear Weapon State

5

Nuclear Weapon States

- China
- France
- Russian Federation
- United Kingdom
- United States

6

Efforts by non-members of the NPT to secure transport, and employ weapons of mass destruction.

Proliferation Activities

7

Weapons capable of a high order of destruction and used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Can be nuclear, biological, chemical, and radiological weapons but exclude the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separate and divisible part of the weapon.

Weapons of Mass Destruction

8

Efforts by members of the NPT to detect, secure, and dispose of WMD.

Nonproliferation Activities

9

Electricity is clean and results in a relatively small amount of waste. Gives countries a valid reason to pursue nuclear energy, but raises concern over the potential use of the waste produced

Nuclear Energy For Power

10

Front-end process results in weapons-grade uranium while the back-end process results in the fuel decaying into plutonium.

Nuclear Fuel Cycle

11

First country to pledge to not exercise its right under the NPT to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium to make nuclear fuel.

United Arab Emirates (UAE)

12

Buys nuclear fuel from Russia and insists on enriching uranium to make its own fuel, raising suspicions that is program may have other goals. Program was initially approved in the mid-70s but now challenges the fragile conditions of peace and stability in parts of the Middle East.

Iran

13

Continues to defy the international community. UN obligated to seize the initiative - condemnation, rounds of sanctions, and then gridlock enforcing the sanctions. Crisis underlines critical need for international nonproliferation consensus.

North Korea

14

Nuclear history unrelated to the Cold War. Lasting peace requires agreement on issues such as Kashmir, nonproliferation, disarmament, etc.

India - Pakistan

15

The spread of nuclear weapons, fissile material, and weapons-related nuclear technology and information best describes?

Nuclear Proliferation

16

Measures to limit/stop the spread of nuclear weapons, fissile material, and weapons-related nuclear technology and information best describes?

Nuclear Nonproliferation

17

Has manufactured and exploded a nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device prior to 1 Jan 1967.

Nuclear Weapon State

18

Although the electricity generated from nuclear energy is clean and results in a relatively small amount of waste, there are concerns over the potential use of the waste, best describes?

Political Considerations Associated with Regional Security Issues

19

Iran enriching uranium to make fuel and North Korea refusing the US's offer to proliferation safer reactors are examples of?

Regional Nuclear Security Issues