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Flashcards in Poetry & Drama Packet Deck (21)
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Allusion

references to other literary works, particularly mythology

1

Aside

conveys information to the audience and to certain characters, but other characters "don't hear"

2

Foil

character whose personality or actions are in striking contrast to those of another character (highlights moods or traits)

3

Prologue

presented by one actor; introduces audience to conflict, theme, and setting of play.

4

Monologue

speech by one character in a play, story, or poem

5

Soliloquy

speech that a character in a play makes when he/she is alone

6

Comedy

play that begins in trouble and ends in peace

7

Tragedy

play that begins calmly and ends in violence

8

Catastrophe

resolution of the plot in a tragedy

9

Irony

difference between reality and appearance

10

Verbal Irony

figure of speech in which there is a contrast between what is said and what is actually meant

11

Situational Irony

contrast between what is intended or expected and what actually occurs

12

Dramatic Irony

contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience knows to be true

13

Pun

form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on word with two or more meaning

14

Paradox

statement that, while apparently self contradictory, is nonetheless essentially true

15

Oxymoron

figure of speech which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression, giving the effect of a condensed paradox

16

Colloquialism

word or phrase in everyday use ina. conversation and informal writing, but sometimes inappropriate in a formal essay

17

Speaker

imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem; not identified by name; could be anything

18

Meter

fixed pattern of accented and umaccented syllables in the lines of a poem that produces its persuasive rhythm

19

Iambic Meter

foot with one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

20

Trochaic Meter

foot with one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed