Policing Flashcards Preview

policing > Policing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Policing Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1

Patrol in community Era

Reduce the fear of crime by a close relationship with the community

2

Crime analysis is the

qualitative and quantitative study of crime and police related information in combination w/ sociological and demographic and spatial factors to apprehend criminals, prevent crime, reduce disorder & evaluate organizational procedures

3

the GOAL of crime analysis is to provide

info that is fast, reliable & accurate
-Improve administrative reports whre needed
-Improve strategic analysis efforts for better decision making

4

August Vollmer, Berkley chief of police revolutionized police thinking

vehicle patrol, radio comm, fingerprinting
-formation of patrol districts based on crime volume

5

Orlando Winfield wilson-volmmer's protegee wrote the book

crime analysis

6

administrative crime analysis is the presentation of interesting findings of crime research and

analysis based on legal, political, and practical concerns to inform audiences w/in police admin.

7

Objectives of administrative crime analysis include:

assist general reporting
improve UCR coding processes by renewing coded reports for accuracy
suggest improvements to the management system
produce CAR reports & data in timely manner
provide general hot spot & crime dist maps & reports on an ad-hoc basis

8

administrative crime analysis

long term
general in nature

9

strategic crime analysis is the study of crime and police info

integrated w/ socio-demo & spatial factros to deterine long term "pattern" of activity to assist in problem solving, as well as to research and evaluate responses and procedures

10

Strategic CA obectives include

creates hot spot maps by diff geographical areas & bounderies that are informative & useful
create easy to read reports that explain date, time, day of wk, distance of crime in specific areas

11

Intelligence analysis is the study of "organize" criminal activity, whether or not it is,

reported to the police, to assist investigative personnel in linking together ppl, events, property

12

Criminal Investigative analysis is the study of serial criminals,

victims, and/or crime scenes and physical, socio demographic, psychological, & geographic characteristics to develop patterns that assist in linking tohether and solving current serial criminal activity

13

what is the focus on crime theory?

suspect search patterns for targets

14

what is the philosophy of community policing?

how we should fix it
get the community to solve it together and bring in answers

15

SARA is the component of the

four process problem-solving process

16

SARA stands for

scanning, analysis, response, and assessment

17

Situational crime prevention uses the concepts of

environmental criminology about why crime occurs in specific settings and seeks solutions that reflect the nature of those things

18

Situational crime prevention was pioneered in

England in the 1980's by Ron Clarke
-focuses on the criminal even itself

19

Situational crime prevention focuses on 3 opportunity components:

Conditions:
1. those that induce an individual to commit an offense
2. The availability of a suitable crime target
3. The degree of risk to exposure

20

CPTED

crime prevention through environmental design
-hiking trails need lighting
-dark places

21

Compstat focuses on

providing initial stats-police managers, etc
and relentless follow up

22

Benefits of crime analysis

more data is available
data problem can be identified
-collect, collate, analyze, disseminate, evaluate

23

Discretion is defined as:

free to make choices among possible course of action or inaction

24

eustress

stress that is normal and good, even providing on-the job motivation

25

distress

stress that is outside of the normal range and very harmful over time
-external/internal factors

26

What percentage of cases get solved?

2%

27

Why is clearance rate not reliable?

only 36% or crimes are reported
-data is manipulated
data is audited

28

Wickersham commission

Social awareness of problems between police and minority communities
-establish a complaint system

29

Kerner Commission

better recruitment and training standards
-accountability to the community
-establish mechanisms for registering complaints

30

Knapp commission

-reorganize internal affairs dept
-civilian oversight of the police
-create post of state special prosecutor

31

christopher commission

implement structural changes in recruitment, selection, training and eval
-establish a new system for andling complaints and improve civilian oversight
-implement a community based policing model

32

mollen commission

improve screening, recruitment and training
-increase and improve supervision
-reform internal/external oversight
-enhance sanctions for brutality and corruption

33

Models of oversight

internal affairs bureaus, democratic accountability, hierarchical accountability, procedural justice.

34

Kansas city response time study suggests that

citizens take longer to report crimes to the police than it takes the police to respond

35

Preliminary investigation

done by the first officer that arrives at scene by making the scene safe

36

crime scene is the are from which the

majority of the physical evidence associated with the crime is obtained

37

the locard exchange principle recognizes that

it is impossible for anyone to enter a location without changing it in some way either bringing something in or taking something from it

38

MO or modus operandi refers to

how the crime is committed