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Human Geography A-level > Population > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Deck (61)
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1

China has a trade...

surplus.

2

HDI stands for...

human development index, a measure of education wealth and health.

3

The crude birth rate is...

births/1000/year.

4

TFR is...

Total fertility rate and it is the average number of children born per woman of reproductive age.

5

Brazils TFR decreased from...

6.3 in the 1960s to 1.9 today.

6

(Brazil) People have more access to family...

planning(contraception, abortions(allowed), preservatives) and improved medical treatment.

7

(Brazil) End of dictatorship resulted in...

more rights and emancipation of woman. More female college graduates than males.

8

(Brazil) Small families are presented as...

a trend of the modern world.

9

(Brazil) Increased urbanisation and fewer people are...

religious.

10

(Brazil) Percentage of a female workforce is...

40%.

11

(Brazil) Rising consumerism and...

materialism, so less money left for raisin many children.

12

(Brazil) In 1980 only...

36% of people had a TV in 2000 90%.

13

(Brazil) There is a move from religious education to...

state education, showing economic benefits of having fewer children and forms of family planning.

14

(Brazil) Urban areas have spatial...

issues resulting in carrying capacity issues.

15

(Brazil) In 2008 a female called...

Dilma Youssef was elected, more rights for woman.

16

Factors affecting levels of fertility:

-demographics
-social/cultural
-economic
-political

17

(Affected TFR) In Demographics particularly mortality...

rates influence fertility. When infant mortality is high, adults have more children to compensate for the deaths.

18

(Affected TFR) Social/Cultural, such as traditions...

demand for high rates of reproduction. Level of education is important for lowering the TFR.

19

(Affected TFR) Economic in many LICs children are...

considered as an economic asset, because of the work they do when they grow up=support of parents.

20

(Affected TFR) Political is when governments sometimes try to...

influence the growth of the population for economic and strategic reasons(China One child policy)

21

(Japan) has issues with...

fecundity.

22

(Japan) There are so-called...

"Herbivore" men who struggle with a relationship.

23

(Japan) The proportion of young people in the relationship is:

1/3

24

(Japan) Matching parties are organised which are...

events set up to meet people and find partners. The government spends 30$ million on this and marriages.

25

Hans Rosling was...

demographer, who claimed that religion has a minimum impact on the TFR.

26

Factors affecting the TFR by Rosling:

-woman in the workplace
-the income of families
-family planning
-infant mortality

27

4 main ways to manage population:

-focus on natural increase
-focus on carrying capacity
-focus on migration
-radical options

28

Radical options include:

racial segregation(South Africa), ethnic cleansing (Kosovo, Rwanda).

29

To manage natural increase, carrying capacity and migration the government needs to consider...

positive(add something) or negative(reduce something) checks.

30

Positive and negative checks include:

-policy
-education/propaganda
-sanctions
-subsudies