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Geography (year 8) > Population > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Deck (13)
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1

Birth rate

the number of births per 1000, per year

2

Death rates

the number of deaths per 1000 per year

3

natural increase/ decrease

the change in population

birth rate minus death rate

4

population pyramid

a population pyramid is a graph that geographers draw to show the structure of the population

5

Demographic

demographers study population change

6

Life expectency

the average numbers of years a new baby can expect to live for

7

young dependents

people under the age of 19

8

Independent cohort

economically active have a job pay taxes and are in between the age of 20-59

9

Old dependents

People over the age of 60

10

DTM

Demographic transition model

11

population explosion

a sudden rapid increase in population

12

Ageing population

this is were most of a country's population are old dependents

13

Solutions to an ageing population

1) Provide government incentives for people to have more children, raising the birth rate

2) Raises taxes to pay for health care insurance for the elderly

3) Attract immigrant workers to the country

4) Raising the retirement age