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Flashcards in Population And Migration Deck (30):
0

Arithmetic density

Determined by dividing the population of the country by the total land area.

1

Coyote

A nickname given to person who is hired to assist illegal immigrants into the United States, often at a cost that does not depend upon success of entry.

2

Crude birth rate (CBR)

The number of births in a society per 1000 people.

3

Crude death rate (CDR)

The number of deaths in a society per thousand people.

4

Cyclic movement

The seasonal migration of livestock to areas where food is more available.

5

Demographic equation

Determines the population growth rate for the world by subtracting global deaths from global births.

6

Demography

The scientific study of population characteristics to analyze population trends and predicts future occurrences based on the current statistics.

7

Dependency ratio

Determined by comparing the sum of persons age 0 to 14 and over 65 to those age 15 to 64; children in the elderly depend on the populations workforce for support.

8

Distance decay

The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases.

9

Dowry death

This is the term used to describe a situation in certain countries where the bride is killed because of her inability to pay the promised dowry.

10

Emigrants

People who leave the country or region.

11

Gravity model

The greater the sphere of influence the city has, the greater its impact (" gravity") On other cities around it. This model is usually tested by measuring travel, phone calls, and overall trade between two or more cities.

12

Immigrant

A person who emigrates to another country.

13

Industrial Revolution

Starting in the mid 1700s, many European countries develop new technologies, spurring a more mechanized system of farming and eventually moving them to a stage III industrial economy. This transformation brought about many changes, including mass migration to cities and mass production in factories.

14

Infant mortality rate (IMR)

The number of babies that die each year before their first birthday.

15

Intercontinental migration

The movement of people across an ocean or continent.

16

Intervening obstacle

Physical or mental factor that forces individuals to hold and often abort their migration plans.

17

Intervening opportunity

Favorable economic opportunity or environmental amenity the causes migrants to stop and stay at a location along their journey.

18

Jā€“ curve

Developed by Ian Bremme, This curve maps a country based on its "openness" and "stability." The movements of countries on both of these skills are largely dependent on their economic process.

19

Malthus, Thomas

British economist who, in the late 1700s, concluded that the rate of population was going faster than agricultural productivity.

20

Net migration

The number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants.

21

Overpopulation

The lack of necessary sources to meet the needs of a population in a defined area determined by carrying capacity.

22

Physiologic density

Similar to arithmetic density but considered more accurate, this is determined by dividing the population of the country only by the land that is usable by humans.

23

Place utility

Incentives such as tax rates, and increased recreational opportunities that communities offered to entice people to move there.

24

Quotas

Limits put on immigration by certain countries.

25

Refugees

People who are forced to leave their country and seek refuge he elsewhere, often because of religious or political persecution that may include death.

26

Sustainability

The saving of resources for future generations to allow them to live the same standard of living or higher than the population is living at today.

27

Total fertility rate (TFR)

The number of babies than average woman deliveries during her childbearing years.

28

Transhumance

The movement of life sucked a higher elevations during the summer to escape the heat in the valleys and to lower elevations during the winter to escape the severe cold of the mountains.

29

Zero population growth (ZPG)

Describes the population which crude birth rate equals the crude death rate.