Introduction To Geography And Maps Flashcards Preview

AP Human > Introduction To Geography And Maps > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction To Geography And Maps Deck (43):
0

Absolute location

Location based on latitude and longitude coordinates.

1

Aristotle and Plato

Great philosophers who believe the earth was round.

2

Cartograms

Maps the sign space by the size of some datum. For example, World population by country is often illustrated in a cartogram, with countries with larger populations appearing larger on the map.

3

Cartographers

Mapmakers; they are very concerned with the problem of distortion.

4

Concentration

The density of a particular phenomena over an area; in terms of concentration, objects can either be clustered or agglomerate.

5

Conformal maps

Maps that distort area but keep shapes intact.

6

Conic projection of maps

Match the put a cone over the earth and keep distance intact but lose directional qualities.

7

Cultural landscape

Cultural attributes of an area often used to describe a place (E.G., Buildings, theaters, places of worship).

8

Cylindrical maps

Maps that show true direction but lose distance (E.G., a Mercator map).

9

Dark ages

A time when academic thought was not advancing in Europe but was very active across the rest of the world.

10

Density

Describes how often an object occurs within a given area or space; most often used in terms of population density.

11

Diffusion

Describes the spread or movement of a principle or idea.

12

Distribution

This term comes from the idea that everything on earth's surface must have a physical location. There are three different aspects of distribution:density, concentration, and pattern.

13

Environmental determinism

Important development in the field of geography in the early 20th century that stated that human behaviors are a direct result of their environment. This philosophy gave some people the justification to believe that Europeans were smarter than other people's, because they live in a more temperate climate.

14

Equal – area projection maps

That's the try to distribute distortion equally throughout the map; these maps distort shapes.

15

Expansion diffusion

The term used to describe the spread of a characteristic from a central node through various means.there are three different types of expansion diffusion: hierarchical, contagious, and stimulus diffusion.

16

Flow – line maps

Maps they're good for determining movement, such as migration trends.

17

Formal regions

Regions where anything and everything inside has the same characteristic or phenomena.

18

Functional regions

Regions they can be defined around a certain point or node; functional regions are most intense around the center but lose their characteristics as the distance from the focal point increases.

19

Geographic information systems (GIS)

Hey way for geographers to obtain new information, GIS layers geographic informationinto a new map, showing specific types of geographic data. Watershed, population density, highways, and agricultural date at our geographic features that can be used is layers of data.

20

Geographic positioning systems (GPS)

First obtain new information, GPS technology is found in cars and cell phone; uses the earth's latitude and longitude coordinates to determine an exact location.

21

Geography

The description of earths surface and the people and processes that shape those landscapes.

22

Hierarchical diffusion

The notion that a phenomenon spreads as a result of the social elite, such as political leaders, Entertainment leaders, or famous athletes, spreading societal ideas or trends.

23

Human geography

The study of human characteristics on the landscape, including population, agriculture, urbanization, and culture.

24

Latitudes (parallels)

Parallel lines that run east/west on the surface of the earth; the highest degree of latitude is 90°.

25

Longitudes(Meridians)

Parallel lines that run north/south on the surface of the earth.

26

Maps

The basic tools used by geographers to convey information. That's generally are representations of the earths surface, although they do come in many forms.

27

Mental map

A map that contains what a person believes do exist; most people have mental maps, and they provide to be A useful tool in communication.

28

Mercator, Gerardus

One of the first people to produce a world map that showed, With relative accuracy, the general outline of the continents. His math exaggerated the landforms around the polar regions, because all lines of latitude and longitude and meet at right angles.

29

Middle Ages

A time after the fall of the Roman Empire and before the enlightenment.

30

Migration diffusion

The term used to describe the physical spread of people moving from one place to another.

31

Oval projection maps

Maps the combined the cylindrical and conic projections (E.G., Molleweide projection).

32

Pattern

Describing how objects are organized in the space, patterns can be anything from triangular to linear or even three – dimensional.

33

Planar maps

Maps that show true direction and examine the earth from one point, usually from a pole or a polar direction (E.G., any azimuthal map).

34

Possiblist

And approach to geography favored by contemporary geographers it suggests that humans are not a product of their environment book possess skills necessary to change their environment to
satisfy human needs. With this approach, people can determine their own outcomes without regard to location.

35

Ptolemy

Wrote the series "guide to geography", which gave very detailed description of cities and people during the Greek period when the Roman empire took hold of the Mediterranean region.

36

Region

A concept used to link different places together based on any parameter the geographer chooses.

37

Relative location

A location is based on, or refers to, another feature on the earths surface.

38

Scale

The relationship between the size of a map to the amount of the planet it represents; the dimension into which one is trying to cast the real world.

39

Spatial interaction (movement)

Concerned with how link to a place is to the outside world, this theme of geography deals mainly with area, because how well an area is connected to the world determines its importance.

40

Thematic maps

Used to determine some type of geographic phenomenon, thematic maps can be represented in various ways:Area class maps, area symbol maps, cartograms, choropleth maps, digital images, dot maps, flow – line maps, isoline maps, point symbol maps, and proportional symbol maps.

41

Vernacular region (Perceptual region)

Region that exist primarily in the individuals perception or feelings (E.G., the concept of "the south" differs depending on where someone lives in the United States).

42

Zheng He

In the med 1400s, this famous Chinese explorer wrote in his journal of a coast with tall trees and mountains expanding as far as the eye could see. It is suspected that he may have come across the coast of Alaska or even the southwest of the United States. His most famous explorations include those around the Indian Ocean.