What is population?
The number of people in a particular place
What is population density?
The number of people per km squared
What is population distribution?
How a population is spread out over an area
What is birth rate?
The number of babies being born per 1000 people
What is death rate?
The number of people who die per 1000 people
What is population growth rate?
The speed at which the population increases
What is natural increase?
The difference between the number of live births and the number of deaths during the year.
What does dense mean?
Crowded closely together
What does sparse mean?
Widely spaced, empty
What is a cluster?
What is an ageing population?
The growth in the proportion of older people (usually 65 years and over) in the population
What is population structure?
The number of males and females of different ages in a population
What is life expectancy?
How long a person can be expected to live
What is migration?
The movement from one place to another
What are immigrants?
People who move into a country
What are emigrants?
People who move out of a country and into another
What is net migration?
The difference between both immigration and emigration in one country (maybe a positive or negative number)
What is international migration?
Migration across borders
What are economic migrants?
People that move from one country to another to advance their economic and professional prospects
What are asylum seekers?
A person who has left their home country as a political refugee and is seeking asylum in another country
What are refugees?
A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. A refugee has already received a positive decision from the authorities on their asylum claim
What are illegal immigrants?
A person who arrives in a country without permission
What is persecution?
Treating people badly because of their beliefs or race
What are descendants?
Relatives born after someone, such as children or grandchildren
What does diverse mean?
Having lots of variety
What is a choropleth map?
A map that is shaded according to a range of values presented in a key. They are shaded in using one colour, where the darker shades represent high numbers and the lighter shades represent low numbers.
What is urbanisation?
When an increasing percentage of a country’s population moves to towns or cities
What is an urban area?
A town or city
What is a push factor?
Something that makes people want to leave an area
What is a pull factor?
Something that makes people want to move to an area
What is a sector?
A type of job or part of the economy
What is a rural area?
In the countryside
What is a commuter village?
A village, often with housing estates, close to a town or city. People live there but commute to work elsewhere
What is a hamlet?
An isolated cluster of houses or farms, usually with no shops or services
What is a village?
A community with a variety of houses, some shops or other services
What does commute mean?
To travel to and from another place for work
How do you work out percentage increase?
Work out the difference between the two numbers, divide that by the first number, multiply that number by 100