Flashcards in Portugal Table Wines Deck (48)
How many IGPs are in Portugal?
What is garrafeira?
"Private Wine Cellar," refers to extended aging.
Tinto garrafeira wines
min. 30 months before release, 12 in bottle
Branco and Rosado garrafeira wines
min. 12 months, 6 in bottle
8 years in glass demijohns after a 3-6 years in wood. always from single harvest, carries vintage on label.
Who is the only current producer of Port garrafeira wines?
What does reserva mean in Portugal?
Min. 0.5% additional alcohol, though certain regions impose higher minimums
What does reserva mean for Portugese sparkling wines?
12 months lees aging
What is Colheita Seleccionada?
min. 1% higher alcohol than regional minimum
What's the most planted red grape in Portugal?
How did Castelao end up in Setubal
It was brought from its origin in Tejo to Setubal by J.M. da Fonseca
What is Portugal's finest red varietal?
What % of plantings does Touriga Nacional account for?
Where did Touriga Nacional originate?
Dao, although Jaen has since overtaken it
Where is Touriga Nacional most well-known?
It's a major component in red blends of Dao, Douro, and Alentejo
What are two popular synonyms for Touriga Nacional?
Bical Tinto and Mortagua Preto
What are some other widely cultivated, promising red varietals in Portugal?
Baga and Aragonez (aka Tinta Roriz aka Tempranillo)
What is the most widely planted white varietal in Portugal?
Fernao Pires, aka Maria Gomes (Barraida)
Describe Fernao Pires
It's aromatic and early ripening
Where is Fernao Pires most concentrated?
Barraida and southern part of Tejo
What is Fernao Pires known for?
It's a workhorse grape producing simple, low-acid, honeyed whites prone to oxidation
What is Encruzado?
An elegant, balanced grape yielding floral, citrusy wines that gain nuttiness with age
Where are noble versions of Encruzado produced?
In the Dao, sometimes implementing oak aging
One of Portugal's oldest varieties, lively & mineral
Where do the best Arinto-based wines come from?
coastal areas such as Bucelas
Which white variety is important in Alentejano?
Antao Vaz, produces tropical & aromatic whites
What's a highly regarded grape variety in Vinho Verde?
Alvarinho, aka Albarino
What is Sercial known as on the mainland? What does it translate to?
Esgana Cao, "the dog strangler"
What's the climate of Vinho Verde?
cool & rainy, influenced by the Atlantic