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Flashcards in Portugal Table Wines Deck (48)
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1

How many IGPs are in Portugal?

14

2

What is garrafeira?

"Private Wine Cellar," refers to extended aging.

3

Tinto garrafeira wines

min. 30 months before release, 12 in bottle

4

Branco and Rosado garrafeira wines

min. 12 months, 6 in bottle

5

Port garrafeira

8 years in glass demijohns after a 3-6 years in wood. always from single harvest, carries vintage on label.

6

Who is the only current producer of Port garrafeira wines?

Niepoort

7

What does reserva mean in Portugal?

Min. 0.5% additional alcohol, though certain regions impose higher minimums

8

What does reserva mean for Portugese sparkling wines?

12 months lees aging

9

What is Colheita Seleccionada?

min. 1% higher alcohol than regional minimum

10

What's the most planted red grape in Portugal?

Castelao

11

How did Castelao end up in Setubal

It was brought from its origin in Tejo to Setubal by J.M. da Fonseca

12

What is Portugal's finest red varietal?

Touriga Nacional

13

What % of plantings does Touriga Nacional account for?

10%

14

Where did Touriga Nacional originate?

Dao, although Jaen has since overtaken it

15

Where is Touriga Nacional most well-known?

It's a major component in red blends of Dao, Douro, and Alentejo

16

What are two popular synonyms for Touriga Nacional?

Bical Tinto and Mortagua Preto

17

What are some other widely cultivated, promising red varietals in Portugal?

Baga and Aragonez (aka Tinta Roriz aka Tempranillo)

18

What is the most widely planted white varietal in Portugal?

Fernao Pires, aka Maria Gomes (Barraida)

19

Describe Fernao Pires

It's aromatic and early ripening

20

Where is Fernao Pires most concentrated?

Barraida and southern part of Tejo

21

What is Fernao Pires known for?

It's a workhorse grape producing simple, low-acid, honeyed whites prone to oxidation

22

What is Encruzado?

An elegant, balanced grape yielding floral, citrusy wines that gain nuttiness with age

23

Where are noble versions of Encruzado produced?

In the Dao, sometimes implementing oak aging

24

What's Arinto?

One of Portugal's oldest varieties, lively & mineral

25

Where do the best Arinto-based wines come from?

coastal areas such as Bucelas

26

Which white variety is important in Alentejano?

Antao Vaz, produces tropical & aromatic whites

27

What's a highly regarded grape variety in Vinho Verde?

Alvarinho, aka Albarino

28

What is Sercial known as on the mainland? What does it translate to?

Esgana Cao, "the dog strangler"

29

What's the climate of Vinho Verde?

cool & rainy, influenced by the Atlantic

30

What is a problem that arises in Vinho Verde? Why?

Grey rot, due to the wet climate influenced by the Atlantic