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Flashcards in Post book Review Deck (72)
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1

Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides have the most direct effect on what major body system?
A. Circulatory system
B. Respiratory system
C. Reproductive system
D. Nervous system

D

2

If you have a pesticide spill at your mix and load site that doesn't pose a threat to the environment or humans, you should:
A. Call the Department of Emergency Management hotline.
B. Call the local police.
C. Control, confine, and clean up the spill
D. Wash the spill with plenty of water.

C

3

Which of the following does not have to be on the application records for professional applicators?
A. Location of the application
B. Relative humidity
C. Wind speed
D. Month, year, and day of the application.

B

4

Pre-harvest intervals stated on a pesticide label are designed to:
A. Protect produce from residues over tolerances.
B. Protect workers from exposure.
C. Prevent drift damage.
D. Prevent environmental damage.

A

5

For which of the following pesticides can 2-PAM be used as an antidote?
A. Organophosphates
B. Carbamate insecticides
C. Organic Chlorine insecticides
D. Growth regulator herbicides

A

6

If the product you use has an Endangered Species Restriction listed, you should:
A. Not worry about it, since to specific restriction is stated on the label.
B. Obtain the necessary information to determine what the restriction entails.
C. Apply early in the morning to avoid contact with the threatened species.
D. Call the Department of Wildlife for a permit.

B

7

You are storing a pesticide. Select the correct statement.
A. Store pesticides in a warm, dry place such as a well house.
B. Store pesticides in an open area for ventilation.
C. Store pesticides with your PPE.
D. Store pesticides in original container.

D

8

Which of the following conditions contribute most to pesticide spray drift?
A. Large orifice, low pressure
B. Large orifice, high pressure
C. Small orifice, high pressure
D. Small orifice, low pressure

C

9

You are applying a pesticide to a row crop field. Your sprayer output is 15 GPA at 5 mph. If you want to double your output, what must you do?
A. Increase the pressure to the nozzles to twice the normal operating pressure.
B. Increase the speed of travel to 8 mph.
C. Decrease the speed of travel to 2.5 mph.
D. None of the above

C

10

(True or False)
In general, high-pressure hydraulic sprayers will provide better coverage in thick foliage.

TRUE

11

(True or False)
Because of the low amounts of material being sprayed, ultra-low volume (ULV) sprayers have no problems with drift.

FALSE

12

You need to spray your field for insects. Sweet clover grows along the borders of your field and attracts a significant number of bees. The insecticide you will spray is highly toxic to bees. Before you spray, what action should you take?
A. No action, since you will not be spraying the sweet clover.
B. Spray during mid-day so that the pesticide can dry faster.
C. Contact the beekeeper and inform him when you will be spraying.
D. Mow the sweet clover, wait until the bees have left the area and then spray.
E. None of the above.
F. c. and d. above

F

13

When using an emulsifiable concentrate formulation, what do you need to remember?
A. This formula may have a high phytoxicity hazard.
B. It may be relatively expensive for the small amount of active ingredient.
C. It needs constant agitation during application.
D. The dust is hazardous if inhaled.

A

14

Which of the following is not registered as a pesticide under Washington Pesticide and Chemigation Law?
A. Drift retardants
B. Plant growth regulator
C. Nematicides
D. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer

D

15

Which of the following is not a prohibited act as defined by Washington State Pesticide Law?
A. Use of pesticide inconsistent with the label.
B. Misleading statements as to a pesticides effectiveness.
C. Applying a pesticide at the recommended rate.
D. Making misleading statements to investigators.

C

16

Select the correct statement concerning Restricted Use Pesticides.
A. They are used only on animals and humans.
B. They are more expensive to use.
C. They can only be used by a certified applicator.
D. They are restricted for use only on insects.

C

17

The most common way for pesticides to enter your body is:
A. Respiratory inhalation
B. Oral ingestion
C. Absorption through the eyes
D. Dermal absorption

D

18

Which one of the following pesticide characteristics contributes to an increased potential for ground water contamination?
A. High solubility
B. High absorption to soil colloids
C. Relatively quick degradation properties
D. High volatility

A

19

What is an adjuvant that increases toxicity?

Activator

20

What is a substance added to other products to improve effectiveness or safety?

Adjuvant

21

What is a hose attachment that prevents backflow?

Anti-siphoning device (anti backflow device)

22

What is a Botanical pesticide?

Product that is produced from plants

23

what are adjuvants that are used to retard the chemical degradation of some pesticides by lowering the pH of alkaline water?

Buffers (chemical)

24

Pesticide group containing nitrogen. Insecticides: Sevin, Furadan, Lannate. Fungicides: Mancozem, Maneb. Herbicides: IPC, CIPC.

carbamates

25

What name is the complex scientific name derived from chemical structure

chemical name

26

What is the adjuvant that facilitates mixing and suspension of pesticide formulation in water?

Dispersing agent

27

What is a chemical which aids suspension of one liquid in another?

Emulsifier

28

What is the EPA-assigned number for a product, on all labels?

EPA registration number

29

What is the use of all suitable pest control methods to keep pest populations below economic injury. Cultural practices, biological/physical/genetic control, selective pesticides

Integrated pest management

30

What is the movement of substance through soil with water

Leaching