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Flashcards in Post-Midterm Info Deck (41)
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1

listing is derived from ____ and requires a _______

spinographic analysis
frame of reference

2

listing system considerations are:
anatomical _______
____ picture of dynamic entity
____ positioning

anatomical variability
static picture of dynamic entity
proper positioning

3

palmer-gonstead system compares to segment _____

below

4

palmer upper cervical specific compares to _____

foramen magnum

5

preferred SCP (segmental contact point)

spinous process

6

global/multi-segmental wedging can imply ___ or ____

scoliosis
lateral curvature

7

segmental wedging implies _____ wedging

stand alone wedging

8

always adjust side of ____ ; or ____ wedge

convexity
open

9

if T4 is decreased P-A ext, spinous laterality R; has NO wedge relative to T5, but a LEFT global curve is noted in spine above --- listing would be:

PR-T

10

x-rays insightful for (2) components of VSC

kinesiopathology
histopathology

11

x-rays insightful for (2) PART components

A- asymmetry/misalignment
R- ROM

12

lateral view in cervicals can tell you which findings:

occiput - PS or AS
C1: AS or AI
C2- C7: P

13

FML and APL lines diverging indicate what misalignment

occiput PS

14

APL and OPL line diverging indicate what misalignment

C1 AS

15

APOM view can tell what findings:

occiput: wedging and rotation
C1: laterality and rotation
C2: rotation and wedging

16

TCL and TAL diverging lines on right side indicated which finding

occiput RS (Ex. PS-RS)

17

wider atlas lateral mass indicates side is

anterior

18

TAL and AxPL diverge to R indicates:

R atlas laterality ex. asRA

19

distance of C2 laminar jxn to it's own lateral border is shorter on side where _____ is fixed

spinous

20

comparison of AxPL to C3 BB reveals ______ at ____ level

wedging at C2 level

21

posteriority is established by visualization in (3) ways (thoracic and lumbar)

atypical disc wedging (A or P)
stacking of continuous segments (loss of curve)
degenerative changes seen on endplate or disc

22

larger pedicle shadow on A-P x-ray indicates _____: ex. larger pedicure on R, spinous has gone ___

that spinous is misaligned to OPPOSITE side;
left

23

___ listing in Pelvic Analysis will have a wider ilium

IN

24

SCL always passes through pubic bone on the ____ side

EX

25

larger height on pelvic analysis is ____ side

PI

26

main rationale for taking x-rays

pain or neurologic symptoms
spinal trauma (falls, pain, fractures)
alignment abnormalities/abnormal curve/scoliosis (cobb angle)
arthropathy (something wrong in joint complex)
spine instability or limitation of motion
osteoporosis

27

chiropractic x-rays are taken _____, but analyzed _____ aka ___ or ____ views; analysis is referred to as _____

A-P
P-A
functional or surgical view
spinography

28

advantages of x-rays

correlate postural distortions
correlate palpation findings
identify pathologies
facilitate safer/conscientious care
qualify and quantify misalignment
more specific adjusting (LOC)

29

disadvantages of x-rays

static pic of dynamic spine
limited sensitivity to pathologies
exposure risk
financial start-up costs
maintenance
portability

30

PS occiput indicates that _____ has misaligned POSTERIORLY and SUPERIORLY in the ______ articulation

occipital condyle
atlanto-occipital

31

2nd component for occiput listing is ______ and _____ ; ex. PS-RS, PS-LS, AS-RS, AS-LS

laterality and superiority

32

3rd component for occiput listing is side of ______; ex. PS-RS- RP, PS-RS-RA, etc.

laterality

33

atlas listing: ___ or ____ indicates that ANTERIOR TUBERCLE has misaligned superior or inferior

AS or AI

34

2nd component of atlas indicates the ______ has gone R or L; ex. ASR, AIR

laterality

35

3rd component of atlas indicates _____ on side of laterality, ex. ASRA

rotation

36

technique developed by HENRI GILLET, practitioner's hands are used to fell motion of SPECIFIC segments of spine while patient MOVES. Purpose is evaluation of DYNAMIC movement of extravertebral and vertebral JOINTS to assess DYSFUNCTION between JOINTS

motion palpation

37

advantages of motion palpation

widely used across chiro
NOT specific to one technique
good reliability with protocol and experience
provides quality kinematic info
can be augmented for ALL populations
correlated to listings on x-ray

38

disadvantages of motion palpation

unreliable when used as STAND ALONE tool
poor reliability WITHOUT protocol and experience
acute presentations can interfere with outcomes
requires patient to be interactive
has become "major indicator" to many practioners

39

motion palpation is insightful for what parts of VSC

kinesiopathology

40

motion palpation is insightful for what PART

P - pain and tenderness
A - asymmetry/misalignment
R - range of motion

41

extension in lumbars is called

excursion