Poverty and Pauperism: Changing Attitudes Towards the Poor and Pauperism Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Poverty and Pauperism: Changing Attitudes Towards the Poor and Pauperism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism: Changing Attitudes Towards the Poor and Pauperism Deck (16):
1

When was the Andover Workhouse scandal?

1845

2

What was the Andover Workhouse scandal?

That the inhabitants had been so deprived of food they would eat bone marrow from rotting bones, and there was violence and sickness as a result

3

Who was responsible for the Andover Workhouse Scandal?

Colin McDougal

4

By 1846 how many peasants had committed crimes to escape Andover?

61

5

The press picked up and heavily publicised the Andover Workhouse scandal because...

They were already heavily anti the Poor Law. The Times in particular emphasised the scandal

6

Between 1851 and 1866 how many more workhouses were built?

100

7

The Poor Law Commission was replaced with the Poor Law Board in what year?

1847

8

The Huddersfield Workhouse Scandal of which year led to even more outrage at the workhouse system?

1848

9

In 1851 who published their book 'London Labour and London Poor', discussing how pauper's wages were inadequate to cater for the economy's fluctuation?

Henry Mayhew

10

The development of philanthropic and charitable work came as a result of what?

The end of outdoor relief for able bodied men in 1844

11

The Outdoor Relief Regulation restricted even the elderly and sick's right to outdoor relief. When was it passed?

1852

12

The Workhouse Visiting Society was a charity like organisation which was established when?

1858

13

In 1859 Samuel Smiles' Self Help was published, advocating what?

Individual determination to improve oneself as the ticket to a better life

14

Elizabeth Gaskell published her book Mary Barton when?

1848

15

The Charity Organisation was established when and with what purpose?

1869, to divide the deserving and undeserving poor. They did not believe in excessive help.

16

Thomas Carlyle's book 'Past & Present' was published when? What did it suggest?

1843, called Workhouses 'Poor Law prisons'. Criticised middle classes for ignoring the working classes