What Explains the Abolition of the Slave Trade? Importance of Humanitarian Campaign and Religion Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > What Explains the Abolition of the Slave Trade? Importance of Humanitarian Campaign and Religion > Flashcards

Flashcards in What Explains the Abolition of the Slave Trade? Importance of Humanitarian Campaign and Religion Deck (23):
1

The Clapham Sect were members of which branch of Christianity?

Evangelism

2

How did Evangelists spread ideas?

Through preaching

3

Which colony did the Evangelists set up for freed slaves? Was it successful?

Sierra Leone. Wasn't successful, free slaves sold themselves into apprenticeships and became slaves again

4

Why were Quakers opposed to slavery?

They had a strong belief in non violence and that God was within each person, therefore it was wrong to enslave another man

5

Famous example of a Quaker

Benezet. He influenced Clarkson and Sharpe's ideas

6

Why was Quaker involvement in the abolition campaign important?

Because they had access to printing presses so had the ability to publicise their ideas

7

Why were the Methodists significant in the Abolition campaign?

They were popular with the working classes so could spread abolition ideas to the masses

8

Who was a significant Methodist anti Slavery campaigner?

John Wesley

9

How could the Unitarian belief system be defined?

Belief in one God not a trinity

10

Which influential individuals were members of the Unitarian Church?

William Roscoe, MP for Liverpool and wrote anti-slavery poetry
William Smith, MP for Norwich, worked closely with Wilberforce

11

Which churches were most popular with the Upper and MIddle Classes

Quaker and Evangelist

12

Which groups worked together?

Unitarians and Evangelists: In Parliament
Society for the Effecting of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (1787) was made up of Quakers and Evangelists

13

Who was the first religious branch to campaign for abolition?

The Quakers (starting 1657)

14

In 1784 how many copies of the Quaker pamphlet on slavery were distributed?

10,000

15

The historian Roger Anstey maintains it was what that meant the abolition of the Slave Trade came about?

The Society for the Effecting of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (as in 1796 it was nearly passed, despite sugar being at a high profit margin at the time

16

Who created the iconic plaque with the kneeling slave and the slogan 'Am I not a man and a brother'

Josiah Wedgewood

17

What society held the support of 50 MPs that opposed the humanitarian campaigns for abolition?

West India Lobby

18

In 1792 how many petitions were signed against the slave trade?

519

19

In 1787, how many of Manchester's 50,000 people signed a petition against the Slave Trade?

10,700

20

The Sugar Boycott involved how many?

300,000-400,000 people

21

What religious group did Josiah Wedgewood belong to?

Unitarians

22

Who claimed religion as a reason for maintaining the slave trade? How?

John Pinney: 'surely God ordained them for use and benefit of us; otherwise his Divine Will would have been manifest by some particular sign or token'

23

The Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge had how many slaves in two plantations?

300