Flashcards in What Explains the Abolition of the Slave Trade? Importance of Humanitarian Campaign and Religion Deck (23):
The Clapham Sect were members of which branch of Christianity?
How did Evangelists spread ideas?
Which colony did the Evangelists set up for freed slaves? Was it successful?
Sierra Leone. Wasn't successful, free slaves sold themselves into apprenticeships and became slaves again
Why were Quakers opposed to slavery?
They had a strong belief in non violence and that God was within each person, therefore it was wrong to enslave another man
Famous example of a Quaker
Benezet. He influenced Clarkson and Sharpe's ideas
Why was Quaker involvement in the abolition campaign important?
Because they had access to printing presses so had the ability to publicise their ideas
Why were the Methodists significant in the Abolition campaign?
They were popular with the working classes so could spread abolition ideas to the masses
Who was a significant Methodist anti Slavery campaigner?
How could the Unitarian belief system be defined?
Belief in one God not a trinity
Which influential individuals were members of the Unitarian Church?
William Roscoe, MP for Liverpool and wrote anti-slavery poetry
William Smith, MP for Norwich, worked closely with Wilberforce
Which churches were most popular with the Upper and MIddle Classes
Quaker and Evangelist
Which groups worked together?
Unitarians and Evangelists: In Parliament
Society for the Effecting of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (1787) was made up of Quakers and Evangelists
Who was the first religious branch to campaign for abolition?
The Quakers (starting 1657)
In 1784 how many copies of the Quaker pamphlet on slavery were distributed?
The historian Roger Anstey maintains it was what that meant the abolition of the Slave Trade came about?
The Society for the Effecting of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (as in 1796 it was nearly passed, despite sugar being at a high profit margin at the time
Who created the iconic plaque with the kneeling slave and the slogan 'Am I not a man and a brother'
What society held the support of 50 MPs that opposed the humanitarian campaigns for abolition?
West India Lobby
In 1792 how many petitions were signed against the slave trade?
In 1787, how many of Manchester's 50,000 people signed a petition against the Slave Trade?
The Sugar Boycott involved how many?
What religious group did Josiah Wedgewood belong to?
Who claimed religion as a reason for maintaining the slave trade? How?
John Pinney: 'surely God ordained them for use and benefit of us; otherwise his Divine Will would have been manifest by some particular sign or token'