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OCR A Level Geography > Power and Borders Theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Power and Borders Theory Deck (29)
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1

state definition

and area of land of an independent country with well defined boundaries, within which there is a politically organised body of people under a single government

2

nation definition

a large group of people with strong bonds of identity, united by a shared descent, history, traditions, culture, and language

3

nation-state definition

a nation with its own independent state. The boundaries of the state coincide with the area inhabited by the nation

4

sovereignty definition

the absolute authority that independent states exercise in the government of the land and people in their territiory

5

territorial integrity definition

the principle that the defined territory of a state, over which it has exclusive and legitimate control, is inviolable

6

independence definition

a situation in which the people of a country exercise self-government and sovereignty over their territory, having gained political freedom from outside control

7

secession definition

the transfer of part of a state's area and population to another state

8

international border definition

the boundary of a sovereign state recognised by international law and identified on the world political map

9

territory definition

the extent of land under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

10

When did South Sudan secede from Sudan

2011

11

When did Eritrea gain independence from Ethiopia

1993

12

how many new countries were formed by secession from the USSR in 1991

15

13

What convention in 1993 defines a state

Montevideo Convention

14

what 4 points of the Montevideo Convention make up a state

internationally recognised defined territory
capacity to enter into relationships with other states
government recognised by other states
permanent population with the right to self-determination

15

state apparatus definition

the set of institutions and organisations through which state power is exercised

16

who developed the Fragile States Index

Fund For Peace

17

what indicators does the Fragile States Index use

cohesion e.g. group grievance
economic e.g. economic decline
political e.g. human rights
social e.g. refugees

18

what is significant about the Kurds

they are the largest nation without a state

19

how many Kurds are in Iraq

5 million

20

why does Iraq oppose an independent Kurdistan

Kurds control their oil and gas so Iraq would lose this income

21

What is in North Iran

a very stable Kurdish region that is working to build a nation-state

22

what are norms derived from

moral principles, customs, and ways of living that are universally accepted as standard behaviour

23

what does Article 2.4 of the Charter of the UN preserve

territorial integrity and sovereignty

24

what does Article 2.1 of the Charter of the UN state

all member states have equal right to determine their own government

25

who else besides the UN establishes norms

regional organisations like the EU

26

what is intervention

actions of international organisations that try to resolve conflicts or crises arising from challenges to sovereignty and territorial integrity

27

what are examples of intervention

economic sanctions
military intervention
missions from organisations
humanitarian assistance

28

examples of when intervention is necessary

act of aggression by other states
conflict between ethnic groups
human rights violations

29

why is intervention controversial

it is argued that sovereignty (a principle promoted by the UN) is undermined by intervention, even though the UN Security Council sanctions intervention