Flashcards in Practical Ethics (MSK) Deck (5):
What is Deontology?
"Is the act right or wrong in itself?"
Values of rationality, free will, autonomy, dignity, duty
(e.g. Patients right to refuse any treatment)
What is Consequentialism?
Whether an action is right or wrong depends upon its consequences.
What is Utilitarianism?
Act always to maximize the greatest happiness of greatest number of people.
What is communitarianism/community ethics?
"Is the act good for everyone that will be affected by the act?"
(should not just consider the interests of individual patients)