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Flashcards in Practical Ethics (MSK) Deck (5):
1

What is Deontology?

"Is the act right or wrong in itself?"
Values of rationality, free will, autonomy, dignity, duty
(e.g. Patients right to refuse any treatment)

2

What is Consequentialism?

Whether an action is right or wrong depends upon its consequences.

3

What is Utilitarianism?

Act always to maximize the greatest happiness of greatest number of people.
(e.g. triage)

4

What is communitarianism/community ethics?

"Is the act good for everyone that will be affected by the act?"
(should not just consider the interests of individual patients)
(e.g. vaccination)

5

What are the 4 principles of biomedical ethics?

Respect for autonomy
Beneficence
Non-malifecence
Justice