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Flashcards in Practice Midterm Test Deck (89):
1

Israelite believed that God made a _____ with Abraham

covenant

2

In a _____ society, men hold the legal and moral authority

patriarchal

3

The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are called the _____

torah

4

Spiritual leaders called _____ interpreted God's will to the Israelites

prophets

5

The Israelites' _____ religion made them unique in the ancient Middle East

monotheistic

6

Member of the landowning upper class in Roman society

Patrician

7

Roman farmer, merchant, artisan, or trader

Plebian

8

Person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs

Martyr

9

Foreign soldier who serves for pay

Mercenary

10

Small religious group

Sect

11

Romans were skilled at the art of _____ , a picture made from small bits of stone and glass

mosaic

12

Some Roman poets chose to _____ , or make fun of, society

satirize

13

Water was carried to Roman cities by _____

aqueducts

14

The author of the Aenid, Rome's greatest epic, was _____

virgil

15

The application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures is called _____

engineering

16

A belief that is contrary to official church teachings

Heresay

17

First ruler of the roman empire

augustus

18

Leader of the Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade italy

Hannibal

19

General who brought Gaul under Roman control

Julius Caesar

20

Leader of Rome who converted to Christianity and passed the Edict of Milan

Constantine

21

Under the early _____, Muslim civilization flourished

Abbasids

22

Muhammad's father in law, Abu Bakr, became the first_____

Caliph

23

The _____ , a Seljuk ruler, contolled Baghdad by 1055

Sultan

24

A _____ is a slender tower of a mosque

Minaret

25

Muslim mystics called _____ sought communication with God through meditation and fasting

Sufis

26

Following the death of _____. Russia was filled with unrest

Ivan the Terrible

27

The Russian language is written in the _____ aplhabet

Cyrillic

28

The Mongols who invaded Russia were known as the______

Golden Horde

29

Ivan lll sometimes referred to himself as _____

Czar (tsar)

30

Russia's_____, or open grassland, offered no barrier to migration

steppe

31

When was a dictator chosen to rule in the Roman Republic?

during the vent of war

32

Why did Rome take such harsh actions against Carthage after the death of Hannibal?

they used Carthage as an example for the rest of the Mediterranean world

33

Julius Caesar brought civil war to Rome by

defying the senate and bringing his army across the Rubicon

34

The 200 year period when peace, order and prosperity flourished is known as the

pax romana

35

What characterized Roman architecture

Romans emphasized grandeur and built might monuments

36

How did Romans supply their cities with water

engineers built aqueducts

37

The ancient Romans most significant contribution to Europe has been in the area of

law

38

an immediate result of the fall of Rome was a period of

disorder and a weak central government

39

This philosopher said, "even if you have nothing to write, write and say so..."

Cicero

40

How did Christianity grow from a sect of Judaism into a world religion?

through missionaries like paul

41

What was the initial Roman attitude toward Christianity

they persecuted Christians

42

What ended the persecution of Christians?

Constantine's Edict of Milan

43

The Pax Romana ended in 180AD, after the death of

Marcus Aurelius

44

Who tried to restore order to the Roman empire?

Diocletian and Constantine

45

Moses received _____ from God like the Burning bush, the rod/staff, the 10 plagues, and the parting of the Red Sea

Revelations

46

A major contribution of the Roman empire to Western society was the development of

An effective legal system

47

After the fall of Rome, got eastern portion of the Roman empire became known as the

Byzantine empire

48

Judaism, Islam, and Christianity all share a belief in

Monotheism and ethical conduct

49

The Jewish religion and cultural identity has been greatly influenced by

The Torah and the Diaspora

50

Geographic isolation of a people frequently reinforces

A traditional way of life

51

Before Mohammed became the prophet of Islam, he was a

Merchant

52

According to the five pillars of Islam every Muslim must

• Declaration of faith
• Give alms
• Fast form sunrise to sundown during the holy month of ramadan
• make the hajj
• pray five times a day

53

Which of the following beliefs is he'd by muslims, Jews, and Christians?

Belief in one god

54

Arab philosophers tried to harmonize Greek ideas about reason with

Religion

55

In comparison to Medicine in europe, Muslim medicine was

Far more advanced

56

the key reason for Muslim success in conquest was

The Arab camel Calvary

57

Many conquered people converted to Islam because it

Emphasized the equality of all believers

58

The majority branch within the Islam have been

Sunnis

59

After Muhammad's death in 632, the Islamic faith

Continued to grow worldwide

60

All Muslims who are able are expected to

Make the hajj once in their life

61

To Muslims, the Quran is the

Final authority on all manners

62

The contributions of the Golden Age of Islamic civilization include

advances in mathematics

63

During the height of the Arab Empire, Baghdad exceeded this capital city in size and wealth

constantinople

64

Overall, Muslims treated the people they conquered

fairly well

65

known as the "city of light," _____ was the only thriving commercial center in Europe during the Dark Ages

Cordoba

66

The following three groups distinctly aided in the decline of the Arab empire

Seljuk's, Mongols, and Crusaders

67

The ideology in the Muslim faith is often misinterpreted both by Muslims themselves and non-Muslims

jihad

68

The Justinian code has been credited as being the basis for current

European Law

69

Religious images used for worship by the Byzantines were known as

icons

70

What was the title of the leader of the eastern orthodox church

Patriarch

71

The Roman Church conducted services in _____ and the Byzantines used_____ as its language

Latin, Greek

72

An autocrat was

a single ruler with complete control

73

The differences in the Roman and Byzantine church leads to the formation of the _____ _____ _____and _____ _____ _____

roman catholic church, and eastern orthodox church

74

A goal of the Justinian code was to simplify ___

Greek and Roman Laws

75

A unique feature of Byzantine architecture was the use of _____ on top of _____

large domes, rectangular bases

76

Constantine modeled the city of Constantinople after

Rome

77

What kind of government did Russia rulers develop?

Authoritation or autocratic rule

78

Which of the following groups finally conquered the Byzantine Empire

Seljuk Turks

79

What was the capital of Russia under the czars

Moscow

80

Who had extreme absolute rule?

ivan the terrible

81

Byzantine clergy could marry: True or False

True

82

Roman clergy could marry: True or False

False

83

The byzantine empire collapsed partially because of

war

84

Russia rivers linked early Russians to

the byzantine empire

85

Who led the Israelites in their exodus from Egypt

Moses

86

Who organized the israelites into the 12 tribes

Jacob

87

The Hebrew were among the fist people to occupy the

Fertile crescent

88

Hebrew couldn't fight of the invasion because they were ___ by the ___

weakened, division

89

What country was the center of the golden age of medieval judiasm in the 10th and 13th century

spain