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1

What is the difference between a fistula and a sinus?

Fistula: a track with open ends – communicating with two body areas or
An abnormal passage or communiction, usually between 2 internal organs or leading from an internal organ to the surface of the body

Sinus: Abnormal channel or drainage pathway from a deep focus of acute infection from within bones or other structures through tissue and/or bone to an opening on skin surface

2

Anastomosis is a connection made surgically between adjacent blood vessels, parts of the intestine or other channels of the body.

True

3

What does vesico mean?

What does vesico mean?

4

What type of joints are visualised in an arthrogram?

Synovial or Hinge joints

5

Name this fistula refer to practice test two power point question 5



This is a ‘vesico-vaginal fistula’

6

Is this a fistula or a sinus?
refer to practice test two power point question 6

Fistula – because the path comes from a structure (not within a structure)

7

Arteriovenous fistulas can be used for?
What part of the body would this be located?

Dialysis

Forearm

8

What joint is arthrography not performed on?
TMJ
Shoulder
Wrist
Sternoclavicular

sternoclavicular

9

Air is used as a contrast media in a knee arthrogram?

True

10

Name 2 conditions regarding bone mineral density

Osteopenia and osteoporosis

11

In regards to ‘othoradiography’, what does ‘ortho’ mean?

Straight or Right angles

12

Mammography uses ____________technique.
DEXA
Macroradiography
Orthrography

Macroradiography

13

What does ‘SUFE’ stand for?

How can this cause LLD?

Slipped Upper Femoral Epihysis

It can reduce the growth of the bone

14

Why is a scoliosis stitching series done PA instead of AP?

Reduced dose to the thyroid and breast tissue

15

What T-score would be expected in an osteopenic patient?


-1 to -2.5



16

What would an OPG image look like if the chin was positioned too far forward?

Front teeth blurred

17

What is a common cause for mandible fractures?

Blunt trauma

18

Name 2 types of extra-oral imaging

OPG,
plain xray mandible,
cephalometrics

19

What are the 3 intra-oral techniques for dental imaging?

Bitewing,
occlusal,
peri-apical

20

One of these things is not like the other….which one?
Oral
Rectal
Intra-venous
Intra-EAM
Intra-thecal
Intra-arterial

Intra EAM (intra-thecal is spinal canal)

21

How do you calculate/locate the bisecting angle for a peri-apical image?

Perpendicular to Midway between the angle of the film and angle of the tooth

22

What are 2 advantages of intra-oral imaging?

Less distortion,
less magnification
Less dose

23

Sialolithiasis is…

Stone in the salivary duct

24

What is OPG an acronym for?

Orthopantomogram

25

List 2 indications for an OPG

? Fracture,
? Wisdom tooth impaction,
? cyst/abscess

26

What are the 3 salivary glands called?

Parotid, Submandibular, Sub-lingual

27

What is the most common mechanical problem indicated for a dacrocystogram?

Obstruction

28

What is a post care consideration
for a dacrocystogram?

Eye patch

29

Describe the radiographic appearance of reflux in an MCU procedure

Contrast will go back up the URETER towards the kidney during micturition. The VUJ is not functioning properly

30

Name the labelled anatomy on the diagram
refer to powerpoint revision quiz question 31

a) Pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ)
b) Ureter
c) Vesico-ureteric junction (VUJ)
d) Urethra