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Flashcards in Pre El Deck (112):
0

How many positions of the feet are there?

Five

1

How many are closed positions?

Three: first, third and fifth

2

How many are open positions

Two: second and fourth

3

How do you move from one position to another?

By means of a degage

4

What is a degage?

To push the foot along the floor into an open position, arching the instep and stretching the toe extremities fully, with only the big toe touching the floor

5

If the weight is on the little toe, what does this cause?

The ankle drops which causes the foot to sickle

6

What is battement tendu?

A stretching of the foot into an open position and returning to a closed position

7

What does tendu mean

To stretch

8

What is a plie

A bending and stretching of the knees, maintaining a controlled carriage throughout that the weight is kept centred throughout the movement

9

Which joints are used in a plie

The hip, knee and ankle joints

10

How far do you go down in a full plie

To where the thighs are horizontal

11

Where are the knees in a plie

Pressed out to the side

12

Where is the greater part of the weight placed in a plie?

On the outer side of the foot, but only as a precaution to stop the feet from rolling onto the big toes

13

How do you correct rolling in plies?

But supporting the ankles and the under insteo

14

What is the shape of a rond de jambe a terre

An oval or egg shape

15

Where are the two extreme ends of the oval

4th devant and derriere

16

Which movement is emphasised and which is controlled in rond de jambe a terre

As the foot passes through second it is emphasised and through first it is controlled

17

Which part of the foot leads the way in all forward movements

The heel

18

Which part of the foot leads the way of all backwards movements

The toes

19

How many kinds of rond de jambe a terre is there

Two. En dehor and en dedan

20

What does en dehor mean

Outward, away from the supporting leg

21

What does en dedan mean

Inward, toward the supporting leg

22

What does a terre mean

On the ground

23

What does rond de jambe mean

Round the leg

24

Where are the extreme ends of the oval in rond de jambe en lair

Second en lair and the inside of the supporting knee

25

What does en lair mean

In the air

26

What is a fondu

A bending of the supporting leg

27

What does fondu mean

To melt

28

When does the supporting leg stretch in the battement fondu exercise

Both legs stretch and fully extend simultaneously

29

What does frappe mean

To bear

30

Which joints are used in a battement frappe

The knee and ankle joints only

31

What is battement frappe a preparation for?

All batterie work

32

On what part of the supporting leg does the beat occur

The thin part of the leg immediately above the ankle

33

What is the thin part of the ankle called

Sur le cou de pied

34

What does soutenu mean

To hold or sustain

35

Which joint do we use in petits battement

The knee joint onky

36

What should be the though concerning the working thigh in petits battement

It should be pressed back and kept still throughout the exercise

37

What doe grand battement mean

Large beating

38

What is a grand battement

A throwing up of the leg en lair and returning it to the ground

39

Is the leg thrown or carried

The leg is thrown upward but the downward movement is controlled

40

Where does the strength come from when throwig the leg en lair

The under thigh muscle of the working leg and the stretch of the working foot

41

What should be heard during this movement

A swishing sound as the foot leaves and returns to the ground

42

How is this obtained (swishing sound)

By pushing the foot along the ground strongly until the foot is fully arched going through a battement tendu and returnin in the same manner

43

What is a developpe

An unfolding of the leg en lair and holding it there

44

What is the value of a developpe

To strengthen the legs and prepare the dancer for adage and other sustained movements

45

What is a grand battement en cloche

A continuous gran battement in 4th devant and derriere passing through the first where the heel is lowered

46

What does en cloche mean

Pendulum or bell movement

47

What is a temps lie

A smooth transference of weight

48

What does temps lie mean

Connecting, joining or binding together

49

What does en avant mean

Travelling forward

50

What does en arriere

Travelling backward

51

What does port de bras mean

Carriage of the arms with the use of the head and body

52

What dies en epaulment mean

A movement of the shoulders from the waist upward, one shoulder brought forward, the other taken back, and the head over the forward shoulder

53

What is a chasse

A glide into and open position

54

What is an attitude

A position in dancing with the weight of the body on one straight leg, the other behind in fourth croise derriere

55

What is an arabesque

A position in dancing with the weight of the on one straight leg showing an oblique or diagonal line

56

How is the line obtained (arabesque)

This is an imaginary line from the tip of the front hand to the toe of the working leg, which is a terre or en lair

57

What should be the shape of the body in this position (arqbesque)

Curved like the arc of a bow

58

What is the head action in a pirouette

This is called spotting. The eyes spot where the dancer intends to finish. At the start the head and eyes remain on this spot for as long as possible. Then the head turns quickly and the eyes focus on that same spot before the body completes the turn

59

What gives the impetus to turn a pirouette

The outgoing arm opens to second where it locks in the shoulder. This is then followed by the incoming arm into first position

60

What is the correct placing of the working foot in a pirouette

The toes of the foot are placed immediately under the supporting knee. The working foot is not crossed over the supporting leg

61

What does releve mean

To rise either by instep pressure or by a snatch

62

With which part of the toes is a releve executed

The platform of the toes, with a fully arched instep. This is called 3/4 point

63

What does adage mean

Slow controlled movement

64

Which arm is raised in fourth position

The arm in the same side as the front foot

65

Which arm is raised in fourth opposition

The arm on the side opposite to the front foot

66

What is a glissade

A step and a glide

67

How many heels are lowered at the end of a glissade

Both

68

How do you finish a glissade

In a demi plie

69

What is a coupe

To cut the weight of the body from one foot to the other

70

What is an assemble

For a dance it refers go the joining of the feet together, and is usually used for a preparatory step for elevation steps

71

What does porte mean

Carried

72

What is a pose

A step from one foot onto the other

73

What does saute mean

To spring

74

What is a temps leve

A hop alighting on a bending knee

75

How many kinds of echappe are there

Two: echappe saute and echappe releve

76

What is an echappe saute

A straight step of elevation from two feet, drawing the feet together before alighting in either fourth or second in a demi plie

77

What is an echappe releve

An equal escapement of both feet on demi or full point

78

What is petit allegro

Small quick movements

79

What do the words pas de chat relate to

The step of a cat

80

In which direction are pas de chats usually executed

Obliquely forward

81

What should be shown on the count of 2 in a pas de basque

A strong degage derriere

82

What are the positions in a pas de bourre

Fifth, second and fifth

83

In which direction do ordinary pas do bourres travel

Away from the commencing foot

84

With what part of the foot is a pas de bourree executed

The first two steps are in the toes, the third is flat

85

What are the words used to describe pas de bourre devant

Front side front

86

What are the words used to describe pas de bourre derierre

Behind side behind

87

What does dessous mean and what words are used for this pas de bouree

Under - behind side front

88

What does dessus mean and what words are used for this pas de bourree

Over - front side behind

89

What does en tournant mean

To turn

90

What is a fouette

A short sharp whipping movement

91

What is a sissone

A soft step of elevation

92

How many kinds of sissonne are there at this standard

Three

93

What are they (sisssone)

Ordinaire, ouverte and ferme

94

What is a sissonne ordinaire

A soft step of elevation from two feet alighting onto one foot with the working foot reaching its highest point as the dancer alights on the supporting leg

95

How many ordinaire are there

Four: devant, derriere, passe en avant and passe en arriere

96

What is a sisonne ouvette

A soft step of elevation from two feet, alighting in one foot with the working keg extended into an open position

97

What does ferme mean

Closed

98

What is petit batterie

Small beaten steps which are executed with speed and minimum elevation

99

Which foot does the most work in batterie

The back foot. Both feet beat, but the action if the back foot is more emphatic

100

What is an echappe saute battu

An entrechat quatre alighting in second position

101

When does the beat occur in a changement battu or royale

Before the changement

102

In assemble porte, what dies the word porte mean

To be carried or sustained

103

What is the essential feeling in all point work

Uplift and lightness

104

How is this obtained (uplift and lightness)

By breathing correctly taking a breath before rising

105

How do you descend from points softly

By supporting the back and not exhaling quickly

106

In echappe, which fourth position of the feet do we use

The fourth croise

107

What is the essential movement of the supporting leg in a releve sur la point

To draw it under the centre of the body

108

Why is this movement necessary (releve sur la point)

To support the weight of the body

109

How you achieve strong pointe work

By fully arching the instep to enable work on the correct part of the shoe, making sure the ankles are strong

110

What must be avoided in point

Rolling back on the little toes.
Also rolling on the big toes, both on point and while alighting

111

What is the essential feeling in the legs

To stretch fully up on the back of the knees and under the thigh muscles