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PHTH 550: Orthopaedic Rehabilitation > Pre-Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pre-Midterm Deck (17):
1

how strong can scars be compared to the original tissue?

%80 as strong max

2

5 cardinal signs of inflammation

rubor
calor
dulor
tumor
decreased function

3

which responses are part of the inflammatory phase?
humeral
cellular
hemostatic
vascular

all of the above

4

name some characteristics of the proliferative phase of healing

increased fibroblast activity
formation of new blood vessels
closure of wound
increased mast cell and macrophage activity

5

when would someone feel pain during the three stages of inflammation?

acute - before tissue resistance
proliferative - at beginning of tissue resistance
remodelling - at end of tissue resistance

6

if pain after exercise continues for longer than __ hours, it was too aggressive

4

7

what are the two types of chronic inflammatory responses?

auto-immune
extension of acute inflammation (ie not enough time to heal)

8

if there is immediate swelling within the first 4 hours of injury, is it likely to be blood or synovial fluid?

blood - synovial 8-24hrs after

9

which is not a landmark for the figure of 8 girth measurement locations for ankle swelling?
a) navicular tuberosity
b) sustentaculum tali
c) lateral malleolus
d) medial malleolus

b) sustentaculum tali

10

what are some contraindications of ROM exercises?

- unhealed #
- certain mvts after surgery
- dislocation
- myositis ossificans (PROM, only precaution for AROM)

11

what may cause a larger gap than usual in PROM and AROM?

pain
spasm
neurologic deficiency
muscle deficiency

12

what kind of difference in measurement is needed before it's considered significant/progress?

more than 3-4 degrees

13

what are contraindications to MMT/RISOM?

- unhealed #
- muscle strain for MMT only

14

what three things should be explained to the patient before doing MMT?

what you are testing
why you are testing it
how you will do it

15

why is RISOM done in loose-packed positions?

to minimize stress on inert tissue

16

what are the ottawa knee rules?

- 55 or older
- tenderness at head of fibula
- isolated tenderness of patella
- inability to flex to 90 degrees
- inability to walk 4 steps/WB immediately

17

what are the ankle rules?

- pain in malleolar area plus:

- bone tenderness at post 1/2 of either malleolus
- inability to WB immediately

or for foot:
- pain in midfoot and

- pain at base of 5th or navicular
- inability to WB immediately