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PHTH 550: Orthopaedic Rehabilitation > Self Efficacy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Self Efficacy Deck (12):

what are the four main ways self-efficacy can be influenced?

- mastery experience
- vicarious experience
- persuasion
- physiological and effective states


what is self-efficacy as defined by Bandura?

belief in ones capabilities to organize and execute the course of action required to produce given attainments


what can self efficacy influence with rehab?

- how much effort patients invest in rehab
- perseverance despite difficulties
- whether patients can maintain a positive attitude towards their rehab
- amount of stress experienced during rehab


which of the four influences on self-efficacy is the most powerful? What does this involve?

mastery experience - involves actual performance of a behaviour or task. A successful attempt can increase self-efficacy, while repeated failures may decrease it.
*NOTE: the success must be attributed to the patient's own efforts and abilities.


letting the patient set goals, ensuring they are realistic and providing positive feedback after successful attempts at a task is utilizing which of the four influences on self-efficacy?

mastery experience


observing someone with the same age, sex, and condition overcome difficulties with perseverance and effort (not ease) is utilizing which of the four influences on self-efficacy?

vicarious experience


in what situations is vicarious experience especially helpful?

when the patient has no prior experience with a new baseline performance level, or when the patient can see many different examples of others in a similar situation


what type of person is verbal persuasion most effective? what kind of person is the most effective persuader?

patients with a belief that their actions can produce the desired effects (internal orientation).

therapists viewed as experts, trustworthy, and attractive.


if a patient is experiencing shortness of breath or other uncomfortable symptoms while exercising and they doubt their ability to perform a task, which of the four influences on self-efficacy is this?

physiological or affective states


what is reciprocal determinism?

The idea that behaviour, cognition, physiological and affective states, and environmental factors all influence each other in a dynamic way, so the performance can affect the self-efficacy beliefs, and then these beliefs can in turn influence the performance...


self-efficacy has more evidence as a mediator or moderator?



how is self-efficacy usually measured

with scales, sometimes tailored to certain populations such as for arthritis or COPD