Pre midterm Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Pre midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pre midterm Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

Increase in number and size of cells.

Hypertrophy

2

In what clinical entity does one grossly appreciate a nutmeg liver?

Chronic passive hepatic congestion

3

The bone marrow derived cells that is the main participant in the development of immediate hypersensitivity?

Mast cells

4

Immediate type of hypersensitivity has an early phase and a late phase. In this phase, leukocytes are recruited to amplify and sustain inflammatory response without additional exposure to the triggering antigen. What predominant leukocyte?

Eosinophils

5

Mediated by Antibody mediated hypersensitivity:
a. Serum sickness
b. Arthus reaction
c. Pemphigus vulgaris
d. Multiple sclerosis
e. Bronchial asthma

c. Pemphigus vulgaris

6

Patient X has a significant history of easy bruising and frequent complaint of bleeding into the joint. What is the most likely clinical entity described?

Hemophilia A

7

Classification of adenomas that has the highest risk for malignant transformation.

Villous

8

Acute calculous cholecystitis histopathological finding.

Gallbladder is enlarged and tense, red and blotchy, violaceous to green-black discoloration with subserous hemorrhage.

9

Flukes associated with primary malignancy in biliary tree.

Opistorchis spp.
Clonorchis sinensis

10

Most common congenital anomaly of the pancreas.

Pancreas divisum

11

67/M complained of increasing dyspnea upon exertion and easy fatiguability. He has significant smoking history of 60 pack years. Dx of emphysema is made. What is likely the histopathological finding that supports the diagnosis?

A respiratory bronchioles are affected, alveoli are spared and often involves upper lobes.

12

Egg shell calcifications are found in what clinical condition?

Silicosis

Asbestosis: feruginous bodies
Sarcoidosis: Schaumann and steroid bodies

13

Blood and bone marrow changes that occur in lead poisoning.

Ringed sideroblasts are found.
Microcytic, hypochromic anemia.
Mild hemolysis.
Punctate basophilis stippling.