Pre-Week Introduction to Anatomy, Osteology, Arthrology; Bones of the Shoulder Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pre-Week Introduction to Anatomy, Osteology, Arthrology; Bones of the Shoulder Deck (22)
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1

What is an Axes

An Axes is a rotation of a body part around a pin

2

What are the six landmarks on the Clavicle

3

What is another term for Posterior

Dorsal

4

What order is the development of biological systems?

Chemical Cellular Tissue Organ Organ System Organismal

5

What Plane and Axis is the movement Medial and Lateral Rotation in

Plane: Transverse Axis: Vertical (longitudinal)

6

How does the sagittal plane divide the body?

Divides the body vertically into right to left parts

7

What Plane and Axis is the movement Flexion and Extension in

Plane: Sagittal Axis: Transverse

8

What is another term for Inferior

Caudal

9

What are the 5 functions of the skeleton

1. Provide insertions for muscles 2. Protects Organs 3. Provides a framework for the body 4. Make red Blood Cells 5. Connect to make joints

10

What are the three landmarks on the Clavicle

11

What is the parasagittal plane

Not on the midline dividing the body vertically into right and left parts

12

Label all the landmarks on the Humerus

13

Label each landmark of the scapula 

14

What are two other terms for Anterior

Palmar and Ventral

15

What is Osteology

The study of bones

16

What Plane and Axis is the movement Abduction and Adduction in

Plane: Coronal Axis: Anterior-posterior

17

What is another term for Superior

Cephalic

18

What are the five classifications of bones by shape?

1. Long bones, 2. Short bones. 3. Flat Bones 4. Irregular bones 5. Sesamoid bones

19

What is Arthrology?

A science concerned with the study of joints

20

What are fibrous joints? 

-Bones joined by dense connective tissue

-tend to be immovable egsutures(Skull)

-or slightly moveable eg. syndesmosis(interosseusmembrane)

21

What are Cartilaginous / Fibrocartilagenous joints

-joined by hyaline cartilage

-Primary (synchondrosis) immovable eg costochondral jt & physes

-Secondary (symphysis) some mobility eg pubic symphysis

-Fibrocartilage pad between Hyaline cartilage bone ends

22

What are synovial joints? 

Synovial

•freely mobile eg., shoulder

•most common

•Co-efficient of friction:resistance due to friction depends on

-Compressive load

-Articular cartilage

-Synovial fluid (lubrication)