PRECISION APPROACHES Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PRECISION APPROACHES Deck (14):
1

STAR

STANDARD TERMINAL ARRIVAL ROUTE
SIMPLIFIES CLEARANCE, PROVIDES GUIDANCE FROM EN ROUTE TO APPROACH TO DESTINATION

2

INSTRUMENT APPROACH SEGMENTS

TRANSITION
INITIAL
INTERMEDIATE
FINAL
MISSED

3

APPROACH CATEGORIES

A: 0-90KTS
B: 91-120KTS
C: 121-140KTS
D: 141-165KTS
E: 165KTS+

4

ENTERING FINAL APPROACH COURSE

VECTORS FROM ATC
CLEARANCE TO AN IAF

5

PRECISION APPROACH

PROVIDES LATERAL COURSE GUIDANCE (LOCALIZER) AND VERTICAL COURSE GUIDANCE (GLIDE SLOPE)
DA/DH- THE ALTITUDES TO CONTINUE OR GO MISSED

6

ILS- LOCALIZER

OPPOSITE END OF RUNWAY
UP TO 4,500' FROM ANTENNA SITE
10° AT 18NM
35° AT 10NM
FULL DEFLECTION =2.5°
WIDTH= 3°-6°

7

ILS- GLIDE SLOPE

750'-1250' DOWN RUNWAY
400'-600' FROM CENTERLINE
FULL DEFLECTION=.7°
WIDTH=1.4°
STANDARD DESCENT IS 3°

8

ILS- OUTER MARKER

DASHES, BLUE LIGHT
4-7 MILES FROM AIRPORT
INDICATES AIRCRAFT AT APPROPRIATE ALTITUDE FOR GLIDE SLOPE
IDENTIFIED BY FIRST 2 LETTERS OF AIRPORT

9

ILS- MIDDLE MARKER

DOTS AND DASHES AMBER LIGHT
3,500' FROM THRESHOLD ON CENTERLINE
GLIDE PATH INTERSECTS MM AT ≈200' AGL
INDICATES APPROXIMATELY DH
IDENTIFIED BY SECOND 2 LETTERS OF AIRPORT

10

ILS- INNER MARKER

DOTS WITH WHITE LIGHT
ARRIVAL AT DH ON GLIDE PATH

11

ILS CATEGORIES

CAT I NO LESS THAN 200' DH AND 1,800 RVR
CAT II NO LESS THAN 100' DH AND 1,200 RVR W/ CERTIFICATION
CAT IIIA NO DH 700 RVR W/ CERTIFICATION
CAT IIIB NO DH 150 RVR W/ CERTIFICATION
CAT IIIC NO MINIMUMS W/ CERTIFICATION

12

PARALLEL ILS LIMITATIONS

CENTERLINES AT LEAST 2,500' APART AND 1.5 MILES DIAGONAL SEPARATION

13

MLS

MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM
PRECISION NAVIGATION USING MICROWAVE SPECTRUM
AZIMUTH/ELEVATION/DISTANCE

14

PAR

PRECISION APPROACH RADAR
CONTROLLER PROVIDES AZIMUTH AND ELEVATION NAVIGATIONAL GUIDANCE