Prefixes Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Prefixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prefixes Deck (50):
1

cef-

cephalosporins (antibiotics)

cefadroxil, cefaclor, cefixime, ceftibuten

2

ceph-

cephalosporins (antibiotics)

cephalexin, cephapirin, cephradine

3

cort-

corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory)

cortisone

4

rifa-

antituberculars

rifamate, RIFAMPIN, rifapentine, rifater

5

sulf-

sulfanilamides (antibiotics)


sulfadiazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfasoxazole

6

-actone

potassium-sparing diuretics

aldactone, sprionolactone

7

-ane

general anesthetics

cyclohexane, ethane, fluorane

8

-ase

thrombolytics (clot-busters)

eminase, retavase, streptokinase

9

-azole

antifungals

butoconazole, econazole, fluconazole

10

-azosin

alpha blockers (adrenergic antagonists)

doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin

11

-barbital

barbituates (sedative-hypnotics)

amobarbital, pentobarbital, secobarbital

12

-caine

local anesthetics

bupivacaine, cocaine, lidocaine, xylocaine

13

-calci-

calcium and vitamin D supplements

calciferol, calcitriol, ergocalciferol

14

-cillin

penicillins

ampicillin, penicillin

15

-ciclovir

antivirals

famciclovir, ganciclovir

16

-dazole

nitroimidazole antimicrobial

metronidazole

17

-dipine

calcium channel blocker

amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nifedipine

18

-dronate

biphosphonates

alendronate, etidronate, pamidronate, risedronate

19

-ergot-

ergotamines (anti-migraine)

ergotamine, dihydroergotamine

20

-floxacin-

fluoroquinolones (antibiotics)

ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin

21

-ine

stimulants

amphetamine, caffeine, terbutaline, theophyline

22

-lam

benzodiazepines (anxiolytics)

alprazolam, midazolam

23

-lol

beta blockers (adrenergic antagonists)

atenolol, propanolol, sotalol

24

-lone

corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory)

methylprednisolone, prednisolone, triamcinolone

25

-micin

aminoglycosides (antibiotics)

gentamicin

26

-mycin

aminoglycosides / macrolides (antibiotics)

erythromycin, tobramycin, vancomycin

27

-navir

HIV /AIDS antivirals

amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir

28

-pam

benzodiazepines (anxiolytics)

diazepam, lorazepam

29

-parin

anticoagulant

enoxaparin

30

-prazole

proton pump inhibitors (anti-ulcer)

lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole

31

-pril

ACE inhibitors (antihypertensives)

captopril, moexipril, quinapril

32

-profren

NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory)

fenoprofren, ibuprofren, ketoprofren

33

-quine

antiparasitics

chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, mefloquine

34

-sartan

angiotensin II receptor antagonist

candesartan, losartan, telmisartan, valsartan

35

-semide

loop diuretic

furosemide

36

-setron

5-HT3 receptor antagonists (antiemetics)

dolasetron, granisetron, ondansetron

37

-sone

corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory)

cortisone, dexamethasone, prednisone

38

-statin

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor

rosuvastatin, atorvastatin, simvastatin

39

-stigmine

cholinergics

neostigmine, physostigmine, pyridostigmine

40

-stine

antineoplastics (anti-tumor)

carmustine, lomustine, vinblastine, vincristine

41

-terol

bronchodilators

albuterol, bitolterol, levalbuterol, pirbuterol

42

-thiazide

thiazide diuretics

benzthiazide, hydrochlorothiazide

43

-tidine

H2 receptor antagonists (anti-ulcer)

cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, ranitidine

44

-triptan

anti-migraines

naratriptan, rizatriptan

45

-triptyline

tricyclics (antidepressants)

amitriptyline, nortriptyline, protriptyline

46

-vir

antiviral

abacivir, zanamivir

47

-vudine

HIV / AIDS antivirals

lamivudine, stavudine, zidovudine

48

-zolam

benzodiazepines (anxiolytics)

alprazolam, midazolam

49

-zine

phenothiazines (antipsychotics, antiemetics)

chlorpromazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine

50

-zoline

nasal decongestants

oxymetazoline, xylometazoline