Pregnancy and Childbirth Flashcards Preview

Exploring Early Childhood > Pregnancy and Childbirth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pregnancy and Childbirth Deck (30):
1

What is listeria?

Its an infection that you can get from contaminated foods.

2

What problems can listeria cause?

Still birth, miscarriage, premature birth

3

What are some foods that you need to avoid whilst pregnant?

soft cheeses, cold meat, raw seafood

4

What are 4 factors to considered when planning for pregnancy?

Age, Marital Status, Money, Environmental & Occupational Hazards

5

What are the 4 stages of labour?

Breaking of the water > contractions start > Pushing & Birth of the baby > Delivery of the placenta

6

How can a women determine if she is pregnant?

Pee of the stick or going to the doctor and having a blood test

7

What are 4 methods of delivering a baby?

C-section, Water Birth, Vaginal Birth, Vacuum Extraction

8

What are some hereditary birth defects?

Down syndrome, Cleft lip, Neural tube defects, Certain birth defects of the limbs

9

Define Gamet...

A cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce

10

Define Sperm...

A cell that is produced by the male sexual organs

11

Define Oviduct...

The tube through which an ovum or egg passes from an ovary

12

Define Zygote...

The cell formed by the union of a male sex cell (a sperm) and a female sex cell (an ovum)

13

Define Vasectomy...

The surgical cutting and sealing of part of each vas deferens

14

What is a birth plan?

Birth plan is a way for you to communicate your wishes to the midwives and doctors who care for you in labour.

15

What factors need to be considered, to have a healthy baby

Exercise, Healthy diet, Cutting out bad habits, Weight gain

16

Why may a birth plan change during the birth process?

Because the labour may not go the way the mother wants and somethings will have to change in a matter of seconds

17

Name forms of medical intervention in 'normal' birth.

Episiotomy, C-section, Epidurals

18

What happens in stage 1 of labour?

The waters breaks and the contractions start

19

What happens in stage 2 of labour?

Your cervix begins to dilate more rapidly, and contractions are longer, stronger, and closer together

20

What happened in stage 3 of labour?

Your dilated and ends with the birth of your baby

21

What is the last stage of labour?

It is the delivery of your placenta

22

What is a hereditary birth defect?

An abnormality in the body structure or chemistry of a newborn child

23

What is an ultrasound?

painless test that uses sound waves to create images of organs and structures inside your body

24

What is a Alpha-fetoprotein test?

Blood test checks the level of AFP in a pregnant woman's blood.

25

What is a amniocentesis?

A process in which amniotic fluid is sampled using a hollow needle inserted into the uterus, to screen for abnormalities in the developing foetus

26

Why is exercise important during pregnancy?

Strengthens your muscles, which helps your body cope better with the aches and pains of pregnancy.

27

What exercises are recommended?

Walking, Jogging, Swimming, Yoga

28

What exercises are not recommended?

Most exercises are safe to perform during pregnancy, as long as you exercise with caution and do not overdo it.

29

What is conception?

the action of conceiving a child or of one being conceived.

30

What is contraception?

to prevent pregnancy