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Flashcards in prenatal counseling (1) Deck (27)
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1

traveling

promote circulation
fluids
fasten belt under abdomen

2

5 a's of smoking cessation

ask current status
2. advise
3. assess: willingness to attempt to quit
4. assist: provide preg specific aids
5. arrange: followup to track progress

3

when is fetus most vulnerable

1st 12 wks during organogenesis

4

air travel

until 4 wks before

5

avoid hair dye when?

early in preg

6

saunas

avoid 1st tri: heat = neural tube defects

7

its ok to have sex

:)

8

reasonable exercise

avoid activites w/ "falling"
30 min of moderate exercise

9

pregnancy and work issues

worry about chemical exposure

10

safe amount of alcohol?

unknown
30% increase in spontaneous abort
FASD fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

11

paternal smoking increases risk of

leukemia

12

caloric requirements increase

340-450/day 2 and 3 tri

13

normal weight gain

25-35

14

too much weight gain

macrosomia, cesarean delivery, and weight retention postpartum

15

calcium supplement decrease

preeclampsia
rdi 1000-1300

16

folic acid supplement
rdi

400-800mcg
600 mcg

17

max vit a intake

5000 iu cranial-neural crest defects

18

vit d def linked to

neonatal hypocalcemia and maternal osteomalacia
1000-5000 IU per day

19

what artificial sweetener can cross placenta

saccharin

20

non nutritive sweeteners predispose child to...

obesity and metabolic syndrome later in life

21

kids w/ moms who used nonnutritive swetners most likely to have

allergic rhinitis and asthma

22

teas in moderation but...

chamomile (uterine stim), licorice (premature labor), peppermint (may worsen heartburn) or raspberry leaf

23

dairy avoid?

unpasturized milk: toxoplasma and listeria
soft cheeses: listeria: blue veined cheeses

24

raw eggs

salmonella

25

too much liver consumption could cause

vit a toxicity

26

fish avoid:

shark, swordfish, king mackerel, tilefish, tuna steaks
limit others to 2-3 mls/wk

27

t or f avoid refrigerated smoked seafood, avoid raw fish and shellfish

t