Prevention/Health Promo/Immunization Flashcards Preview

AANP Study Guide > Prevention/Health Promo/Immunization > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prevention/Health Promo/Immunization Deck (34)
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1

Goal: preventing the health problem, the
most cost-effective form of healthcare

Primary Prevention

2

Example: immunizations, counseling about
safety, injury and disease prevention

Primary Prevention

3

Goal: detecting disease in early,
asymptomatic, or preclinical state to minimize
its impact

Secondary Prevention

4

Example: screening tests, such as BP check,
mammography, colonoscopy, ASA in hx MI

Secondary Prevention

5

Goal: minimizing negative disease induced
outcomes

Tertiary Prevention

6

Example: in established disease, adjusting
therapy to avoid further target organ damage.
Potentially viewed as a failure of primary
prevention, support groups

Tertiary Prevention

7

Immunize those who can be to protect those
who cannot be immunized

Community (Herd immunity)

8

Resistance developed in response to an
antigen (either infection or vaccine)

Active Immunity

9

Immunity conferred by an antibody produced
in another host (infant of mother or immune
globulin

Passive Immunity

10

What immunizations to avoid if hx of ax reaction to Neomycin?

IPV, MMR, Varicella

11

What immunizations to avoid if hx of ax reaction to Streptomycin, polymyxin, neomycin?

IPV, Smallpox

12

What immunizations to avoid if hx of ax reaction to baker's yeast?

Hep B

13

What immunizations to avoid if hx of ax reaction to gelatin, neomycin?

Varicella Zoster

14

What immunizations to avoid if hx of ax reaction to gelatin?

MMR

15

Live Vaccines Example

MMR, Varicella, Zostavax, Intranasal Flu

16

Live vaccines should not be given to:

Pregnancy, Immunosuppressed and with HIV (CD4 count <200)

17

Do not give rotavirus vaccine to:

SCID (sever combined immunodeficiency)

18

Chronic Hep B causes: (3)

Hepatocellular carcinoma, cirrhosis and cont. infectivity

19

When was childhood Hep B vax made?

1982

20

Hep B doses and spacing:

3 doses, 0, 1, 6 months.

21

What are the 5 A's of smoking cessation?

1. Ask about tobacco use
2. Advise to quit
3. Assess willingness to make a quit
attempt
4. Assist in quit attempt
5. Arrange follow-up

22

When to give PCV13?

All children younger than 2; Adults 65 and older.

23

Pneumococcal vax for adults

PCV13 then 1 year later PPSV23

24

PPSV23 repeated if?

Given before age 65 repeat in five years

25

Smallpox is caused by what virus?

Variola

26

How is smallpox spread?

Droplets. Contagious when pt has fever and/or rash.

27

When did we stop vaccinating for smallpox?

1972

28

Smallpox incubation period

7-17 days

29

Smallpox prodromal stage symptoms

fever, malaise, HA, body aches

30

Smallpox rash progression

face>arms/legs>hands/feet