Flashcards in Principles Deck (129)
Describe the anatomical position (7 points)
Face + eyes looking forward
Upper limbs by their sides
Palms facing forwards
Toes pointing forwards
If a patient is lying supine, are they lying on their front or back?
On their back
A prone patient is lying on their ____
(we are prone to falling over onto our front)
How does the sagittal plane divide the body?
Into left and right parts
How does the coronal plane divide the body?
Into front and back parts
How does the axial plane divide the body?
Into upper and lower parts
Dorsal surface of the wrist refers to which surface?
Dorsal surface of the hand refers to which surface?
Dorsal surface of the foot refers to which surface?
Dorsal surface of the tongue refers to which surface?
Posterior/top of tongue
Volar surface is which surface of which part of the body?
Anterior surface of the wrist
Palmar surface is which surface of which part of the body?
Anterior surface of the hand
Plantar surface is which surface of which part of the body?
Inferior surface of the foot
Ventral surface is which surface of which part of the body?
Anterior/underside surface of tongue
What is meant by flexion?
Decreasing the angle at a joint
What is meant by abduction?
Movement away from the median sagittal plane
All anterior movements at joints superior to the knee joints are extensions. True/False?
They are flexions
From the knee joint to the toes, all anterior movements at joints are flexions. True/False?
They are extensions
Describe dorsiflexion of the ankle
Dorsal surface of foot moves superiorly
(this is actually an extension!)
Describe plantar flexion of the ankle
Plantar surface of the foot moves inferiorly
What is meant by pronation of the forearm?
Anterior surface of forearm rotates such that the palm of the hand faces posteriorly
What is meant by supination of the forearm?
Rotating back from the pronated position back into the anatomical position
When in the anatomical position, the forearm is pronated. True/False?
It is supinated
What is involved in abduction of the thumb?
Anterior movement of thumb away from the palm
What is involved in extension of the thumb?
Lateral movement of thumb away from the palm
What are the 4 basic tissue types in the body?
Epithelia, muscle, connective tissue, nerves
What is the major lymphatic vessel of the body?
Name some functions of bone
Support + protect organs
Provide attachment for skeletal muscle
What type of joint is the coronal suture?