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Flashcards in Principles Deck (129)
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1

Describe the anatomical position (7 points)

Standing
Facing forwards
Face + eyes looking forward
Upper limbs by their sides
Palms facing forwards
Feet together
Toes pointing forwards

2

If a patient is lying supine, are they lying on their front or back?

On their back
(sup-er comfy)

3

A prone patient is lying on their ____

Front
(we are prone to falling over onto our front)

4

How does the sagittal plane divide the body?

Into left and right parts

5

How does the coronal plane divide the body?

Into front and back parts

6

How does the axial plane divide the body?

Into upper and lower parts

7

Dorsal surface of the wrist refers to which surface?

Posterior

8

Dorsal surface of the hand refers to which surface?

Posterior

9

Dorsal surface of the foot refers to which surface?

Superior

10

Dorsal surface of the tongue refers to which surface?

Posterior/top of tongue

11

Volar surface is which surface of which part of the body?

Anterior surface of the wrist

12

Palmar surface is which surface of which part of the body?

Anterior surface of the hand

13

Plantar surface is which surface of which part of the body?

Inferior surface of the foot

14

Ventral surface is which surface of which part of the body?

Anterior/underside surface of tongue

15

What is meant by flexion?

Decreasing the angle at a joint

16

What is meant by abduction?

Movement away from the median sagittal plane

17

All anterior movements at joints superior to the knee joints are extensions. True/False?

False
They are flexions

18

From the knee joint to the toes, all anterior movements at joints are flexions. True/False?

False
They are extensions

19

Describe dorsiflexion of the ankle

Dorsal surface of foot moves superiorly
(this is actually an extension!)

20

Describe plantar flexion of the ankle

Plantar surface of the foot moves inferiorly

21

What is meant by pronation of the forearm?

Anterior surface of forearm rotates such that the palm of the hand faces posteriorly

22

What is meant by supination of the forearm?

Rotating back from the pronated position back into the anatomical position

23

When in the anatomical position, the forearm is pronated. True/False?

False
It is supinated

24

What is involved in abduction of the thumb?

Anterior movement of thumb away from the palm

25

What is involved in extension of the thumb?

Lateral movement of thumb away from the palm

26

What are the 4 basic tissue types in the body?

Epithelia, muscle, connective tissue, nerves

27

What is the major lymphatic vessel of the body?

Thoracic duct

28

Name some functions of bone

Support + protect organs
Calcium metabolism
RBC formation
Provide attachment for skeletal muscle

29

What type of joint is the coronal suture?

Fibrous joint

30

The interosseous membrane between the radius and ulnan is an example of a cartilaginous joint. True/False?

False
It is a fibrous joint