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Flashcards in Principles Of Government Deck (19):
1

What is Government?

-The institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies
-Composed of the people who exercise its powers, all those who have authority and control over people

2

What is Civics?

-Is the study of citizenship and government
-Civics educates citizens about their obligations and obligations within a government

3

What are the four ways governments acquire power?

-Force theory
-Evolutionary Theory
-Divine Right Theory
-Social Contract Theory

4

Force Theory?

-One person/small group claimed control over an area of land
-Person/group formed all within the area to submit to their rule

5

Evolutionary Theory?

-The state developed naturally
-Primitive families developed into tribes with a supreme leader
-When agriculture began the state was born

6

Divine Right Theory?

-God created the territory
-God gave those of royal birth the "divine" right to rule over the territory
-People were bound to obey their ruler as they would God

7

Social Contract Theory?

-The state is that of a "social contract"
-People voluntarily agreed with one another to create a government
-The state serves the will of the people
-If the government abuses its power the people can abolish the government

8

What are the three basic kinds of government power?

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

9

Legislative?

(l->law)
-power to make laws
-shape public policy

10

Executive?

(e->execute)
-power to execute and enforce the laws
-power to administer the laws

11

Judicial?

(j->judge->justice)
-power to interpret the laws
-power to settle disputes regarding the laws

12

What are the four purposes of the government?

-keeping order
-provide security
-provide public services
-guide the community

13

Keeping order?

-pass and enforce laws
-establish and maintain a court system

14

Provide security?

-prevent and fight crime
-protect citizens from foreign attacks

15

Provide public services?

-Libraries, schools, hospitals, etc...
-Public safety: fire department, ambulance services, police department

16

Guide the community?

-manage the economy
-conduct foreign relations

17

Constitution?

-Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
-outlines the powers of a government
-written plan of government
-WHAT GOV'T CAN/CANT do

18

What year was the constitution created?

Sept 17, 1787

19

Public policies?

All the things a government does