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Flashcards in Promoting Active Aging Deck (41):
1

How long, on average, an organism of a
given species is expected to live computed by life tables

Life expectancy

2

The period of time an organism is expected
to live under ideal circumstances;

Longevity

3

The period of time in which
the life events of a species typically occur

Life span

4

The average number of years of
life living in an independent state or free from significant
disability

Active life expectancy

5

Also referred to as the
maximum lifespan

Longevity

6

the ability to obtain, read, understand
and use healthcare information to make appropriate health
decisions and be able to follow instructions for treatment

Health literacy

7

What are the two forces behind global aging?

Falling fertility and rising longevity

8

The Preston Curve relates human life expectancy with

A. Global aging
B. Gross domestic product of specific nations
C. total fertility rate of nations
D. Mortality rate of nations

B

9

The main forces behind global aging are

A. Increasing life expectancy and decreasing fertility rates
B. Increasing economy and increasing fertility rates
C. Decreasing fertility rate and decreasing life expectancy
D. Decreasing mortality and increasing gross domestic product

A

10

Aging in the 21st century is a challenge. One of the sentences below is not true.

A. The most rapidly increasing segment of the population is that of the 60 yrs old and above.
B. The nations that are aging fast are in the developing rather than the developed world.
C. There is a masculinization of the aging population
D. Aging should be in the development agenda of every nation

C

11

The Life Course Perspective is described by the following except

A. It embraces the theories of epigenetic control
B. It takes into account the influences in childhood impacting on aging
C. It is multidisciplinary
D. It offers positive outcomes in aging as long as risk factors are managed in previous life stages

A

12

The life course approach to active ageing

A. Ends when disability sets in
B. Means that there should be more years to life
C. Starts in childhood, nurtures growth and development and ends at adulthood with rehabilitation
D. Starts in the womb, nurtures growth and development and even in the senior years promotes functional independene

D

13

The paradigm shift of the 21st century as far as health and development goals are concerned

A. Older persons are contributors as well as recipients of development
B. The elderly are more prone to noncommunicable diseases and therefore a burden
C. Older persons are more susceptible to infected diseases because of decreased immunity
D. Older persons are also recipients of vaccination programs

A

14

According to the World Health Organization, active aging optimizes for seniors through 3 pillars

A. Prevention, Diagnosis and Management
B. Noncommunicable diseases, iatrogenic factors and socio-economic factors
C. Quality of Life, Functional Independence, and Rehabilitation
D. Health, Participation, and security

D

15

These 4 NCDs are responsible for 29 M deaths in Middle and Low-Income Countries in 2008

A. Cancer, osteoporosis, poisoning and stroke
B. Cardiovascular diseases , Cancer, Diabetes and Chronic Respiratory Diseases
C. Alzheimer’s Disease, Bronchial Asthma, Cancer and COPD
D. Stroke, Diabetes, Cancer and Chronic Lung Disease

B

16

One of the following is a metabolic risk factor for non-communicable disease

A. Increased blood pressure
B. Physical Inactivity
C. Tobacco use
D. Urbanization

A

17

While there are many risk factors causing NCDs, what is the single underlying determinant of the rise of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

A. Increased distribution and marketing of tobacco
B. unhealthy diet
C. population aging
D. Physical inactivity

C

18

Prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood starts:

A. In utero
B. During childhood
C. During adolescence
D. Prior to retirement

A

19

Determinants/ predictors of active aging are multidimensional. However, according to the Policy Framework of the WHO, cross-cutting determinants are

A. Economic and health services
B. Personality and cognitive pursuits
C. physical and social environment
D. gender and culture

D

20

According to Rowe and Khan in 1998, this is at the crux of successful aging

A. Mental Health
B. Purpose and meaning
C. Physical Activity
D. Active social network

C

21

This comprehensive law addresses the social, health and rehabilitation needs of senior citizens in the Philippines and its main goal is to improve the quality of their life.

A. RA 7432
B. RA 7433
C. RA 9994
D. RA 9995

C

22

One of the following can be considered not an age-friendly policy in the country

A. Retirement at age 65
B. Mandatory social insurance
C. Anti-smoking
D. Aging in place

A

23

One of the leading causes of Death, 65 yrs and older, Philippines:

A. Malnutrition
B. Pneumonia
C. Infectious diarrhea
D. Depression
E. Alzheimer's Dementia

B

24

The term for programmed cell death is:

A. Senescence
B. Apoptosis
C. Cell Cycle
D. Life Expectancy

B

25

The Life Expectancy of Filipinos

A. Is determined by 70% of our genes
B. Is largely dependent on maternal and child mortality
C. Has remained stable over the past few decades.
D. Is highest among those aged 80 and older.

B

26

One of the 5 Principles of Aging includes

A. The hallmark of aging lies not in the resting level of performance, but how the organism adapts to external stress.
B. Aging is a predictable experience. The older we get, the more like each other we become
C. Anatomy increases the likelihood or severity of disease
D. The longer we live, the more time to be immune to risk factors of disease

A

27

The study on Quality of Life of Filipino older persons include the following findings:

A. QOL of older Filipinos is generally poor.
B. Having enough time to enjoy retirement by being free from work are desirable goals.
C. Mobility and body image are important items in the physical domain.
D. It is closely linked to his/her role, status, and continued service to family.

D

28

Quality of Life is:

A. The supreme criterion by which the success of a government can be judged
B. Dependent on the subjective rating of health status.
C. Defined by the WHO as a population's perception of their psychological health
D. Measured by the degree to which pleasant affect dominates

A

29

Nutritional status of Older Filipinos based on the FNRI Study 2008

A. Higher prevalence of obesity than chronic energy deficiency
B. One third have anemia
C. One half of the population have elevated cholesterol
D. More people have diabetes than hypertension

B

30

Health Services utilization of Older Filipinos based on the BSNOH Study

A. Geriatric health services and screening for common geriatric syndromes are easily accessed.
B. Vaccination is free thus are usually acquired.
C. Nutritional screening by measurement of height and weight is standard.
D. Visual screening fairly good but hearing evaluation is poor

D

31

Caused by normal physiologic aging

A. Weight loss
B. Osteoporosis
C. Dementia
D. Presbyopia

D

32

Life Span of the human species

A. 78 years
B. 85 years
C. 100 years
D. 120 years

D

33

Domains in measuring Quality of Life

A. Education
B. Economic
C. Mental
D. Physical

D

34

Functional Health of Older Filipinos is best described by this statement

A. Physical disability deteriorates more rapidly among men
B. Functional health is improving over time for all age groups
C. Approximately 15% of people age 60 and older have difficulty walking
D. Females are more functionally intact over time.

B

35

Under the law, privileges of Senior Citizens include

A. 20% discount on all medications plus VAT
B. Free flu and pneumonia vaccine for those with senior citizens ID cards
C. Mandatory Philhealth coverage
D. Social pension of P 2,000 for every indigent senior citizen

C

36

Describes the population growth rate of the Philippines since the 1960s

A. Number of persons above the age of 15 is steadily declining
B. Percentage of children continues to grow rapidly
C. Persons age > 60 is the fastest growing sector of the population
D. Continued growth rates for the adult sector

C

37

The accumulation of changes responsible for the sequential alterations that accompany advancing age and the associated progressive increases in the chance of death and disesase

Aging

38

Gain in survival time from a fixed period

Life expectancy

39

The maximum duration of a given species

Life span

40

What is the biggest contributor to the increase in life expectancy?

Reduction in maternal and child mortality

41

Individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns

Quality of life