Proteins pg 1/2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Proteins pg 1/2 Deck (20)
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1
Q

name 4 functions of protein

A

-growth
-repair
-energy
-biochemical reactions

2
Q

what is the consequences of having an excess amount of protein

A

-excess gets stored as fat
-weight gain (obesity)
-puts a strain on liver

3
Q

what organs process proteins

A

the liver and kidneys
-too much puts too much pressure and strain on these organs

4
Q

name some deficiency issues when having too little protein in the diet

A

-growth is slowed down
-hair, skin and nails don’t grow as fast and get into a poor condition
-immune system doesnt work properly and is weakened
-leads to oedema (a build up of fluid)

5
Q

Name 4 foods a vegetarian would get protein from

A

-beans
-lentils
-nuts
-eggs

6
Q

Name 4 alternative proteins

A

-soya
-mycoprotein
-TVP
-tofu

7
Q

What is soya an alternative protein

A

-a HBV protein source
-can be eaten whole
-are cooked to remove toxicity in salads

8
Q

what is mycoprotein (an alternative protein)

A

-traditionally made from mush-room like fungus and egg white
-have instead of chicken

9
Q

what is TVP (alternative protein)

A

-made from soya beans
-used to make dough which has meat-like textures
-can be made into sausages, burgers and ready meals

10
Q

what is tofu (alternative protein)

A

-made by curdling soya milk
-different textures dependant on how much water

11
Q

what should alternate proteins be cooked in

A

marinades or sauces as they don’t taste of much

12
Q

proteins, fats and carbs are all what

A

macronutrients

13
Q

proteins are made up of

A

amino acids, thought to be building blocks of the body

14
Q

explain HBV proteins

A

-they contain all essential amino acids we need
-mainly found in animal sources (meat, fish, poultry, eggs, cheese and milk

15
Q

explain LBV proteins

A

-missing one or more of the essential amino acids we need
-only found in plant sources (peas, lentils, nuts, seeds and most beans)

16
Q

define protein complementation

A

combining low biological value proteins to give enough of all essential amino acids we need

17
Q

name an example of protein complementation

A

hummus and pitta

18
Q

how much protein should a man and woman consume

A

55g- man
45g- woman

19
Q

explain why physically active people and pregnant woman need more protein

A

for active people they need it for muscle growth and repair and

pregnant woman need 6g more to help the baby grow

20
Q
A