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Food Preparation And Nutrition > Protein > Flashcards

Flashcards in Protein Deck (35):
1

Is protein a macronutrient or a micronutrient?

MACRONUTRIENT

2

What is protein essential for?

- growth and repair of the body
- forms the structural and functional elements of body cells
- involved in various metabolic reactions and maintenance of good health

3

Protein provides energy, but how much?

1 gram of protein provides 17 kilojoules of energy

4

The amount of protein we need changes during our lives. How many portions should you get per day?

2 - 3 portions

5

How much protein should you get per Kg of body weight each day?

0.75g

6

How much protein should a typical 15 - 18 year old girl get?

45g

7

How much should a typical 15 -18 year old boy get?

55.2g

8

Name 3 good sources of protein

- chicken
- tofu
- whole meal bread
- red lentils
- semi - skimmed milk
- an egg
- canned tuna
- bolognese sauce

9

What is protein made up of?

Amino acids

10

Approximately how many different amino acids are there?

20

11

Where are amino acids most commonly found?

In plant and animal protein

12

What are non - essential or dispensable amino acids?

Amino acids that can be made by the body

13

What protein sources provide all of the essential amino acids needed by the body?

Animal sources like:
- meat
- fish
- eggs
- dairy

14

Animal proteins that provide all the essential amino acids needed by the body have a higher HBV. What does this stand for?

Higher Biological Value

15

Most protein from plant sources does not provide all of the essential amino acids when consumed individually. They have an LBV, what does this stand for?

Lower Biological Value

16

What is protein complementation?

When you get all of the amino acids you need by combining different plant sources of protein

17

Name 5 examples of plant sources of protein

- pulses (lentils, peas, chickpeas)
- nuts
- maize
- seeds
- bread
-cereals
-soy products (tofu, miso)

18

Protein enriched foods tend to make people fuller compared with WHAT?

Foods which are high in carbohydrates or fat

19

Give 3 examples of protein complementation

- milk and cereal
- rice and bean salad
- bread and cheese
- baked beans on toast
- humous on pitta bread
- vegetable chilli

20

What are the 4 functions of protein?

- growth of all body cells and tissues
- repair and maintenance of all body tissue
- responsible for making hormones, enzymes and antibodies
- providing an alternative (back up) energy source

21

What are proteins? What do they ‘look’ like?

Big molecules that form long chains

22

These protein chains are made up of building blocks called WHAT?

Amino acids

23

What happens to the proteins when we eat them?

It’s broken down into amino acids the they are rearranged into new proteins for our body

24

How many essential amino acids are there?

8 (for adults and children)

25

What are the 5 sources of HBV proteins?

- meat: chicken, lamb
- dairy: milk, cheese
- fish: salmon, cod
- eggs

26

What are the 3 sources of LBV proteins?

- Plant based foods:
Pulses
Nuts
Seeds
Cereals
Beans

27

What are essential or indispensable amino acids?

Amino acids that can’t be made by the body so must be consumed via food and drink

28

What are the 3 protein alternatives?

- soya
- mycoprotein (quorn)
- quinoa

29

What are soya beans used to make?

- tofu (bean curd)
- soya milk
- miso
- tempen
- TVP (textured vegetable protein)

30

Hat is mycoprotein?

Type of fungus grown in special conditions
Not suitable for vegans as it can sometimes contain egg white

31

What is mycoprotein made into?

Range of products, eg. Quorn

32

What is quinoa? Where did it originate? How is it cooked? Is it an LBV or an HBV protein?

Tiny bead shaped seeds
South America
In the same way as rice
HBV protein

33

What happens if you are deficient in protein?

Kwashiorkor (rare in developed world)
Fatigue
Constipation

34

What is kwashiorkor?

Type of malnutrition linked to lack of protein and energy.
Usually occurs in children - links to poor growth, hair loss and infections

35

What happens if you have too much protein?

Harmful to the kidneys and liver
Leads to weight gain - extra protein not used for energy will be stored as fat