PSYC 365 CH 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSYC 365 CH 18 Deck (38):
1

alopecia

The partial or complete absence of hair from areas of the body where it normally grows

2

amblyopia

partial lossOf site resulting from disuse atrophy of neural circuitry during a critical period of development most often associated with untreated strabismus and children

3

atlantoaxial subluxation

partial dislocation of the upper spine A particular risk in down syndrome

4

atresia

congenital absence of a normal body opening often occurs with microtia And refers to the absence of the opening to the external ear canal

5

atrial septal defect

a congenital heart defect in which where there is a lack of closure of the wall separating the two upper chambers of the heart

6

blepharitis

inflammation of the Eyelids

7

cataracts

clouding of the lenses of the eyes

8

Celiac disease

congenital malabsorption Syndrome that leads to the inability to gain weight and the passage of loose foul-smelling stool it is caused by intolerance of cereal products contain gluten

9

cheilitis

and inflammation of the lips and information of the lips

10

conductive

in reference to hearing the conduction and amplification of sound through the middle ear

11

eczema

it common skin condition often occurring in childhood marked by an itchy and inflammatory reaction manifested by tiny blisters with reddening swelling bumps and Crusting

12

endocardial cushion defect

a congenital heart defect found often in down syndrome where there is a lack of closure of the wall separating the two sides of the heart

13

esophageal atresia

A congenital defect in which there is a stricture in the esophagus preventing for entering the stomach

14

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

the backward flow of food into the esophagus after it has enter the stomach

15

hirschsprung disease

congenital enlarge colon

16

hypothyroidism

condition resulting from deficient production of thyroid hormone

17

ichthyosis

Dry and scaly skin

18

idiopathic

without an identifiable cause

19

imperforate

lacking a normal opening in a body organThe most common example in childhood is an absent or closed anus

20

malacclusions

for the improper fitting together of the upper and lower teeth

21

nystagmus

Involuntary rapid movements of the eyes due to abnormalities in the cerebellum

22

onychomycosis

and fungal infection of the nails

23

otitis media

middle ear infection

24

patella

Kneecap

25

periodontal disease

Disease of the gums and of bony structures that surround the teeth

26

polysomnograms

procedure performed during sleep that involves monitoring The EEG EKG and respiratory efforts it is used to investigate individuals with sleep disorders

27

ptosis

Droopy eyelids

28

pulmonary vascular obstructive disease

this leads to increased back pressure in the arteries that connect the heart to the lungs and results in congestive heart failure

29

seborrheic dermatitis

dandruff

30

sensorineural

involving the cochlea or Auditory nerve

31

stenosis

and abnormal narrowing

32

strabismus

deviation of one or both eyes during forward case the loss of this coordinated movement leads to misalignment of the eyes Crossed eyes

33

syringomas

Benign sweat glad Tumors

34

torticollis

Wry Neck in which the neck is painfully tilted to one side a form of dystonia

35

tracheostomy

a surgical creation of an opening into the trachea to permit insertion of a tube to facilitate mechanical ventilation

36

ventricular septal defect

A congenital heart defect in which the wall separating the two lower chambers of the heart does not close during embryonic development

37

vitiligo

a skin disease marked by patches of lack pigment

38

xerosis

dryness of the eyes