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Flashcards in Psych - Unit 4 Deck (33)
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1

classical conditioning

a stimulus becomes assoc. w/ an involuntary behavior, over time the stimulus prompts that same behavior

2

acquisition

the initial learning of a conditioned response

3

avoidance learning

using pain/danger to induce classical conditioning

4

conditioned emotional response

classical conditioning using an emotion memory or other emotional association

5

extinction

when the classical conditioning starts to diminish

6

food aversion

when a food makes you sick, you think it will always make you sick

7

operant conditioning

a stimulus becomes assoc. w/ a voluntary behavior, over time the stimulus prompts that same behavior

8

law of effect

behaviors resulting in positive outcome will be repeated

9

positive reinforcement

rewarding for good behavior

10

negative reinforcement

removing the person causing the bad behavior - ex taking a child home

11

negative punishment

undesired consequences to bad behavior - a whoopin

12

positive punishment

removal of something desired as punishment for bad behavior

13

semantic memories

memorized meanings of words that you 'just know'

14

episodic memories

memory of event, including what, where, when, why

15

explicit memories

voluntarily retrieved from long term memory (something you have learned)

16

implicit memories

involuntary, you do not need to think about them (riding a bike)

17

habit

automatic response to stimuli

18

controlled processing

beginning of learning that requires attention and explicit memories

19

automatic processing

after much practice, implicit memories are used

20

priming

when a pre-existing memory lingers and aids in future learning or perception

21

sensory memory

first memory store, automatic, lot of info in one second

22

short term memory

second memory store, little info in 30 seconds

23

long term memory

last memory store, lots of info, stored forever

24

recall

retrieving facts from memory

25

recognition

identify stimulus, later make an association

26

state-dependent retrieval

state at which you learned needs to be same state for you to remember

27

false memories

believing a memory that is not yours is true

28

distorted memories

getting info about something that makes you question or change your memory i.e the movie inception

29

encoding failure

not processing info well enough to be stored long term

30

retroactive interference

learning new info, causes you to forget old info