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Flashcards in Psychiatry Deck (29)
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1

What is countertransference?

Doctor projects feelings about formative or other important persons onto patient

2

What is the difference between displacement and projection?

Displacement is the feelings transferred to a neutral person or object, while projection is when an unacceptable internal impulse is attributed to an external source

3

What is the difference between fixation and regression?

Fixation is temporary; regression is turning back the block

4

What is the difference between reaction formation and sublimation?

Reaction formation is when a warded-off feeling is replaced by its opposite, while sublimation is when it is replaced with something that does not conflict with one's value system

5

What are the mature defenses?

sublimation, altruism, humor, suppression

6

Deprivation for ___ months can lead to irreversible changes in an infant

6

7

T/F ADHD is associated with decreased frontal lobe volume

TRUE

8

In order to classify for Tourette's, it has to persist for how long?

> 1 year

9

Tourette's is associated with which other disorder?

OCD

10

What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?

SSRIs

11

What is Rett's disorder?

X-linked disorder exclusively in girls around 1-4

12

What are the neurotransmitter changes associated with anxiety, depression, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, schizophrenia, and Parkinson's?

anxiety - high NE, low GABA, low serotonin
depression - low NE, dopamine, serotonin
Alzheimer's - low ACh
Huntington's - low GABA, ACh, high dopamine
Schizophrenia - high dopamine
Parkinson's - low dopamine, high serotonin, high ACh

13

Where would one see tactile hallucinations?

In cocaine abuse or alcohol withdrawal

14

How long does schizophrenia need to last to classify it?

>6 months

15

How long does a delusional disorder need to last to classify?

>1 month

16

How many qualifiers does a manic episode need?

3 things out of list

17

How many qualifiers does a depressive episode need?

5 out of a list (SIGECAPS)

18

What medication does atypical depression respond to?

MAOIs, SSRIs

19

How many qualifiers does a panic disorder need?

4 out of a list

20

Is OCD ego syntonic or dystonic?

Ego dystonic

21

What is the difference in acute stress disorder and PTSD?

Time; PTSD is greater than 1 month

22

What are the three types of personality disorders?

Clusters A, B and C; weird, wild and worried

23

How many qualifiers does one need for substance dependence?

3 out of a list

24

What medication would be used with opioid overdose?

naltrexone, naloxone

25

With opioid overdose, would you expect to see dilated or constricted pupils?

Constricted

26

With amphetamine overdose, would you expect to see dilated or constricted pupils?

Dilated

27

Overdose of what would cause nystagmus?

PCP

28

When do symptoms of marijuana withdrawal manifest?

They peak in 48 hours and last 5-7 days; detectable in urine for 4-10 days

29

What is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

Triad of confusion, ataxia, ocular motor problems; irreversible memory loss