What is it?
Behaviour determined by unconscious forces that we cannot control
Components to it
Role of unconscious
Structure of personality
Explanatory power Case study method Untestable concepts Practical application in psychoanalysis Psychic determinism denies our free will
Role of the unconscious
Conscious mind ‘tip of the iceberg’
Structure of the personality
id, ego, superego
Five stages, different conflict a each stage
Entirely unconscious, made up of selfish aggressive instincts that demand immediate gratification. Therefore operates on the pleasure principle, found in babies.
‘Reality check’ that balances conflicting demands of Id and superego. Works on reality principle and has a number of defence mechanisms.
Moralistic part of our personality which represents the ideal self. This is formed at end of the phallic stage at age 5.
Stage 1 of psychosexual stages
Oral 0-1 years. Focus of pleasure on the mouth and mothers breast is object of desire. If not resolved can lead to smoking, sarcasm and being critical.
Stage 2 of psychosexual stages
Anal 1-3 years. Focus of pleasure is anus. Child gains pleasure from withholding and expelling faeces.
Stage 3 of psychosexual stages
Phallic 3-5 years. Focus of pleasure is genital area. Child experiences Oedipus or electra complex. Phallic personality: narcissistic, reckless, possibly homosexual
Earlier conflicts repressed
Genital stage (last stage)
Sexual desires become conscious alongside onset of puberty. Can lead to difficulty forming heterosexual relationships.