Flashcards in Psychodynamic approach Deck (13):
What does the psychodynamic approach suggest about behaviour?
Most of our mind is unconscious that directs behaviour.
What is the psychodynamics approach to the structure of personality?
What is the id?
- operates on the pleasure principle
- mass of unconscious drives and instincts
- throughout life the id is entirely selfish and demands instant gratification of its needs.
What is the ego?
- operates on the reality principle
- mediator between the 2 other types of personality
- role is to reduce conflict between the demands of the id and the superego
- manages this by employing defence mechanisms
What is the superego?
- operates on the morality principle
- internalised sense of right and wrong
- punishes ego for wrongdoing (through guilt)
What are the 3 defence mechanisms?
- Repression: forcing a distressing memory out of the conscious mind
- Denial: refusing to acknowledge some aspect of reality
- Displacement: transferring feelings from the true source of distressing emotion onto a substitute target
What are the 5 psychosexual stages?
Describe the oral stage.
- 0-1 years
- focus of pleasure is the mouth (mothers breast is the object of desire)
- oral fixation - smoking, biting nails.
Describe the anal stage.
- 1-3 years
- focus of pleasure is anus (child gains pleasure from withholding or expelling faeces)
- anal fixation - anal retentive (perfectionist) anal expulsive (messy)
Describe the phallic stage.
- 3-5 years
- focus of pleasure is genital area
- oedipus and electra complex
Describe the latency stage.
Earlier conflicts are repressed.
Describe the genital stage.
- Sexual desires become conscious alongside the onset of puberty.