Flashcards in Psychology of Gender Final Exam Deck (95)
Men weigh ____ more heavily than do women.
Women weigh ______resources more heavily than do men.
Sex differences are more likely to appear when the relationship is ________
men and women’s preferences are most SIMILAR in ______ relationships
Gay men and lesbians are attracted to a ____ set of characteristics in potential mates as heterosexuals.
Gay men, like heterosexual men, are interested in a mate’s ___________ – more than lesbians are.
Lesbians are not attracted to a potential mate’s______
This theory States that women and men behave in ways that will maximize the survival of genes.
Evolutionary Theory suggests Men value ______ and youth in their mates because these are indicators of fertility
Physical Attractiveness, Youth
According to the Evolutionary Theory women prefer mates
who have a ____
because financial resources will help ensure the survival of their offspring.
High Occupational Status
These ideas are based on _____which states that women will invest more in their offspring than will men because they have less opportunity than men to reproduce.
Parental Investment Model
the idea that women will be linked to wealthy, high-status men.
Weakness of Evolutionary Theory
it cannot explain men’s preference for women with domestic skills.
Eagly & Wood (1999)
Suggests that a society’s emphasis on a distinct division of labor between the sexes will be directly linked to sex differences in mate selection.
Social Role Theory
According to Social Role Theory females will value a mate with ___
High Earning Capacity
Males value a mate with
______ in societies where men’s role is to work outside the home and women’s role is to work inside the home.
Social role theory would predict that sex differences in mate preference out to
______as women and men’s roles become more ______.
Weakness of Social Role Theory
cannot explain men’s preference for attractive mates.
Both _____ & _____
can explain why women greater economic prefer a mate with resources*
Evolutionary Theory and Social Role Theory
Argues that social norms dictate what is desirable in a mate.
Social Construction Theory
-Theory supported by cultural differences in mate preferences.
-Sex differences may be larger in more traditional cultures where men’s and women’s roles are distinct and women have less access to economic resources.
Social Construction Theory
A schema or cognitive representation of sequence of events.
Maintenance Strategies used more by women
-Take on more household labor
-Sacrifice Personal Leisure time
Couple Maintenance Strategies
-Cognitive Mechanisms that Reflect Accuracy and Bias
-Accommodation of Gender Role Attitudes
The concern that there is a rival for the others affection.
According to evolutionary Theory,
________ should provide jealousy in women and men.
Women, Gay Men and Lesbians more worried about ____ infidelity
Heterosexual Men more concerned with _____ infidelity
State of relationship in which the ratio of what one puts in and gets out of a relationship equals that of the partner.