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Flashcards in Psychology PANCE Deck (63):
1

A patient exhibits all of the characteristics of antisocial personality disorder her, but he is only 14 years old. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Conduct disorder

2

A patient exhibits splitting, seeing others as all good or all bad. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Borderline personality disorder

3

What type of behavioral therapy works best for borderline patients?

Dialectical behavior therapy

4

The patient is arrogant with an inflated self image. He feels he is special and should be treated that way. What is his most likely diagnosis?

Narcissistic personality disorder

5

Is obsessive-compulsive disorder egosyntonic or ego-dystonic? What about obsessive compulsive personality disorder?

OCD is ego-dystonic. OCPD is egosyntonic

6

What two things are needed to make a diagnosis of bipolar 2?

One major depressive episode and one hypomanic episode

7

What medication is a good place to start treating bipolar one or two?

Lithium

8

How is acute stress disorder different then post-trumatic stress disorder?

Acute stress disorder occurs within one month of event and resolves within about one month. PTSD begins at about one month after event and can last indefinitely.

9

A spiral fracture should make you think of what issue?

Abuse, either child or older

10

During an interview a patient states "I have been anxious for as long as I can remember." This statement to make you think of what diagnosis?

Generalized anxiety disorder

11

Are hallucinations normal during a normal grieving period?

Yes, as long as they are not persistent or intrusive

12

List the two cluster C personality disorders.

"Sad" avoid it and obsessive-compulsive

13

What medication is clearly contraindicated in anorexia and bulimia

Bupropion (Wellbutrin) because it can increase risk of seizures.

14

What 2 psychiatric issues are more common in males than females?

Autism and ADD, The rest are all either equal or more common in females

15

A patient's mother has recommended that he see you. He lives on his own and is a computer programmer. He works from home. He has no friends and seldom leaves the house. She is concerned that he expresses no interest in meeting people and seems perfectly happy to be home alone all the time. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Schizoid personality disorder

16

Name three SSRI's

Fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, dapoxetine, zimelidine, mesembrine, seproxetine

17

A patient expresses concern that he can't trust anyone. That everyone is out to get him, and his problems are all the faults of others. He has held very long grudges due to perceived past wrongs. What is his most likely diagnosis?

Paranoid personality disorder

18

A patient is very charming during his interview. You note during your interview that he has no concern for hurting or using other people. He seems to show no remorse for any of his actions. What is his most likely diagnosis?

Antisocial personality disorder

19

Antisocial personality disorder or may not be diagnosed until what age?

18 years old

20

A patient of yours always craves attention, often using sex as a tool to gain it. She often acts like a child when she does not get her way. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Histrionic personality disorder

21

To be diagnosed with ADD patients must exhibit symptoms before what age?

7 years old

22

What is Russell's sign?

Abraded knuckles from forcing one self to vomit

23

How long must symptoms occur before diagnosing schizophrenia?

At least six months

24

Posturing should make you think of what diagnosis?

Catatonic depression

25

A patient complains of acute paralysis in his left arm, this does not seem to bother him, but his wife made him come in. There was no Trumatic event. A complete neurological work up is negative. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Conversion disorder

26

A psychiatric patient presents with confusion, fever and lead pipe rigidity. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, this can occur with high dose antipsychotics

27

A patient is very concerned that she has breast cancer. In order to reassure her you perform a full work up which is negative. She is still unsatisfied and convinced that she has breast cancer. What is her most likely diagnosis?

Hypochondriasis

28

What is the timeframe for The first symptoms of withdrawal from alcohol

Tremor in 8 to 18 hours

29

How do you treat alcohol withdrawal?

Benzodiazepines

30

List the four cluster B personality disorders

"Bad" antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic

31

A six-year-old boy seems to have all the symptoms of ADD while at school, but at home he has no problems. Does he have ADD?

No, symptoms must occur in both settings for diagnosis

32

In 18-month-old is not yet speaking. He does not point to objects. He does not make eye contact with others. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Autism

33

List three positive symptoms of schizophrenia

Hallucinations, delusions, movement disorders

34

When is the typical onset of Tourette's syndrome?

3 to 8 years old

35

Is anorexia egosyntonic or ego-dystonic? What about bulimia?

Anorexia is egosyntonic. Bulimia is ego-dystonic

36

List the three cluster A personality disorders

"Mad" schizoid, schizotypal and paranoid

37

How long does menstruation need to be absent before secondary amenorrhea can be diagnosed?

If cycles have been previously normal; three months. If cycles have been previously irregular: six months.

38

A 16-year-old has just moved schools. He is quiet, moody, and not like himself at all. Within six months he seems to have completely changed back to his previous personality. What is his most likely diagnosis?

Adjustment disorder

39

You have a patient with major depressive disorder. Once his symptoms have completely resolved how long should you continue with treatment?

A six-month minimum is recommended due to a very high relapse rate

40

What medication is often used to treat postpartum depression in a woman who is breast-feeding?

Sertaline (Zoloft)

41

A patient has very strange magical thinking. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Schizotypal personality disorder

42

How long does a panic attack typically last?

10 to 20 minutes

43

What type of hallucinations are most common in schizophrenia auditory, visual or olfactory?

Auditory – hearing voices

44

What causes anorexic patient to have osteopenia?

A decrease in estrogen

45

When treating psychiatric patients are benzodiazepines used more commonly for acute or chronic treatment?

Acute

46

What is the most common precipitating event for posttraumatic stress disorder in women?

Rape

47

A patient's wife complains that he is hypervigilant and has a hyperstartle response. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Post Trumatic stress disorder

48

Are patients with specific phobias aware they are strange?

Yes

49

A patient complains of suddenly developed stage fright. It is very important to his career that he be able to speak in front of groups. What medication might you treat him with?

Beta blocker such as propranolol

50

A donut shaped Burn should make you think of what issue?

Abuse either child or elder

51

What is the generic name for Prozac?

Fluoxetine

52

How long was symptoms last before diagnosing ADD?

Six months

53

A patient's mother has recommended that he see you. He lives on his own and is a computer programmer. He works from home. He has no friends and seldom leaves the house. She is concerned that clearly he would like to meet people, but is terrified of doing so. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Avoidant personality disorder

54

List for symptoms of serotonin syndrome

Hyperthermia, seizure, mental status change, tremor

55

What is the term for a chronic mild depression which has lasted greater than two years?

Dysthymia

56

What is necessary to diagnose a patient with bipolar 1?

One manic episode. They do not have to have the depressive episode for the diagnosis.

57

What is the major concern with using lithium?

It has a very narrow therapeutic window. Blood tests are needed every four weeks.

58

A patient believes that her 15-year-old daughter is sleeping with the mailman. She has no evidence of this. She has confronted her daughter who denies it. It is not interfering with her daily activities, but she does spend time thinking about it. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Delusional disorder

59

At what BMI should a patient be hospitalized for anorexia?

BMI of <17.5 or 20% below appropriate bodyweight

60

What is the term for being afraid of being out in a terrible situation with no help available?

Agoraphobia

61

Borderline personality disorder is on the border of what two psychological disorders?

Neurosis and psychosis

62

Waxy flexibility should make you think of what diagnosis?

Catatonic schizophrenia

63

How long before normal grief resolves?

About one year