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Flashcards in Psychology Prelim Deck (27):
1

What is sleep apnea?

In effective breathing throughout the night

2

What happens when the person stops breathing?

They wake up to resume normal breathing.

3

What is a treatment for sleep apnea?

Bedside oxygen mask

4

What is insomnia?

People who struggle to fall asleep or stay asleep

5

What is primary insomnia?

The reasons for the condition cannot be easily explained.

6

What is secondary causes of insomnia?

Illness, stress, pregnancy and substance abuse.

7

What is a treatment for insomnia?

Sleeping pills (temporary)

8

What does the biological approach to sleep and dreams focus on?

Biochemical processes such as genetic inheritance and hormone levels.

9

What measures brain activity?

EEG

10

What does the SCN do?

Gets info from nerves in the eye about whether its light or dark and releases melatonin to make us tired.

11

What is the biological approach to dreams?

Does not attach any meaning to dreams, explains them as random firing neurons.

12

What is REM sleep?

Rapid eye movement. When heart rate and breathing increases and we dream.

13

What is Oswald 1966?

The restoration theory

14

What is the restoration theory?

Claims that deep sleep is when the brain and body gets a biological rest.

15

What is Crick and Mitchin 1983?

Reorganisation theory

16

What is the reorganisation theory?

Main function of sleep is to reorganise in order to improve memory storage.

17

What are the 3 types of conformity?

Compliance, identification and internalisation

18

What is compliance?

When a person pretends to agree with the group while maintaining their own beliefs

19

What is identification?

The group has a deeper effect and now they agree with the group when theyre with the group.

20

What is internalisation?

When someone permanently adopts the behaviours and beliefs of a group

21

What are the two motivations to conform?

Informational and Normative

22

What is informational?

When uncertainty leads to the person adopting the behaviour of the group- they conform because they want to be right

23

What is normative?

When a person knows they are right but want to fit in with the group

24

What is obedience?

Normally involves a direct demand from an authority figure. Someone telling you what to do.

25

How do you resist social pressure? (4 things)

Sticking to your own beliefs and choices
Education
Role models
Support groups

26

What is the biggest effect on obedience?

Adding peers

27

What are the ethical guidelines?

Protection
Consent
Deception
Withdraw
Debriefing
Confidentiality