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Flashcards in psychopathology Deck (16):
1

What are the affects of infant deprivation?

weak, wordless, wanting , wary:
decr muscle tone, poor language and socialization skills, lack of basic trust, withdrawn, unresponsive infant,. deprivation for more than 6 months may lead to irreversible changes.

2

When does ADHD begin (age-wise)? What are associated brain differences? How many people have ADHD to persists to adulthood?

ADHD symptoms must begin before age 12.
patients have decreased frontal lobe volume/metabolism. As many as 50% of patients have symptoms that persist to adulthood.

3

conduct disorder

repetitive and pervasive behavior violating the basic rights of others (physical aggression, destruction of property, theft). After age 18, many pts meet criteria for antisocial disorder.

4

oppositional defiant disorder

enduring pattern of hostile, defiant behavior toward authority figures in the absence of serious violations of social norms.

5

Tourrette syndrome: onset, duration of symptoms, associations, treatment

onset before age 18. sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic sterotyped motor and vocal tics that persist for MORE THAN 1 YEAR. associated with OCD and ADHD.
tx: antipsychotics and behavioral therapy

6

Rett disorder

X-linked disorder seen almost exclusively in girls (affected males die in utero or shortly after birth). symptoms usually become apparent around ages 1-4, including regression characterized by loss of development, loss of verbal abilitys, intellectual disability, ataxia, and stereotyped hand-wringing.

7

huntington disease neurotransmitter changes

decr. GABA, decr ACh, incr DA.

8

parkinson disease neurotransmitter changes

decr. DA, incr. 5-HT and incr ACh

9

dissociative amnesia

inability to recall important personal information, usually after severe trauma or stress. may be accompanied by dissociative fugue (abrupt travel or wandering during a period of dissociative amnesia, associated with traumatic circumstances).

10

What are the characteristics of psychosis?

delusions, hallucinations, and/or disorganized thinking.

11

What are cuases of tactile hallucinations?

common in alcohol withdrawal- sensation of bugs crawling on the skin. also seen in cocain abusers.

12

schizophrenia: definition, brain differences, risk factors

psychosis, disturbed behavior and though, and a decline in functioning that lasts more than 6 months. associated with incr. dopamine levels and decreased dendritic branching. patients must have 2/4 characteristics:
delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior, negative symptoms (flat affect, social withdrawal, lack of motivation, lack of speech/thought).
frequent cannabis use is associated with psychosis and schizophrenia in teens.

13

brief psychotic disorder vs. schizophreniform vs. schizoaffective

brief psychotic disorder: symptoms last less than 1 month.
schizophreniform: 1-6 months
schizoaffective: at least 2 weeks of stable mood with psychotic symptoms, plus a major depressive, manic, or mixed episode. may be bipolar or depressive.

14

delusional disorder

fixed false belief system lasting OVER 1 MONTH. functioning is not otherwise impaired (ex.: woman genuinely believes she is married to a celebrity when she is not).

15

dissociative identity disorder: definition, risk factors

presence of 2 or more distinct identities or personality states. more common in women. associated with a history of sexual abuse, PTSD, depression, substance abuse, somatoform and borderline.

16

depersonalization disorder

persistent feelins of detachment or estrangement from one's own body, thoughts, perceptions, and actions.