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Flashcards in Public health peer teaching Deck (118)
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1

What are the 4 perceptions that will affect likelihood of engaging in health promoting behaviour, according to the health belief model

Susceptibility to ill health
Severity of ill health
Benefits of behaviour change
Barriers to taking action

2

7 steps of change/ transtheoretical model

Precontemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenance
Relapse

3

Describe theory of planned behaviour

Attitudes, subjective norm and percieved behaviour control affect intention which affects behaviour

4

What are the three aspects of communicable disease control?

Surveillance
Prevention
Control

5

What makes a communicable disease important to public health authorities

High mortality and morbidity
Highly contagious
Expensive to treat
Effective interventions

6

When do you notify of notifiable disease and how

On clinical suspicion, name, NHS no, DOB, contact details. What disease, diagnosis, samples, outcome.
Written notification, can be telephone first but followed by written.

7

Notifiable diseases

Acute encephalitis, infectious hepatitis, meningitis, polymyelitis.
Anthrax
Botulism
Brucellosis
Cholera
Diptheria
Enteric fever
Food poisoning
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
Infectious bloody diarrhoea
Invasive GABHS
Legionnaires
Leprosy
Malaria
Mumps
Measles
Meningococcal septicaemia
Rubella
Plague
Rabies
SARS
Scarlet fever
Small pox
Tetanus
TB
Typhus
Viral haemorrhagic fever
Whooping cough
Yellow fever

8

Is food poisoning a notifiable disease

Yes

9

Things other than diseases that are notifiable

Infection/ contamination which could be a signficant risk to human health (chichen pox in a healthcare worker), notification of suspected outbreaks/ clusters

10

Define a cluster (outbreak)

A aggregation of cases which may or may not be linked

11

Define a suspected outbreak

Occurence of more cases than normally expected within a specific group/ over a given period of time.
2+ cases linked through common exposure/ characteristic/ time/ location
Single case of rare/serious disease

12

Define confirmed outbreak

Link confirmed through epidemiological/ microbiological investigation

13

Define epidemic

Occurence within an area in excess of what is expected for a given time period

14

Define pandemic

Epidemic widespread over several countries

15

Define endemic

Persistent level of disease occurrence

16

Define hyperendemic

Persistently high level of disease occurrence

17

What is health

A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing; not merely the absence of disease

18

What are the three domains of public health

Health protection
Health improvement
Improving service

19

What does health protection mean

Measures to control infectious disease risk and environmental hazards

20

What does health improvement mean

Social interventions aimed at preventing disease, promoting health and reducing inequality

21

What does improving services health domain do

Organisation and delivery of safe, high quality services

22

What is the inverse care law

The availability of medical or social care tends to vary inversely with the need of the population served

23

4 categories for the determinants of health

Genetic
Lifestyle
Environmental
Health care

24

What are genetic determinants of health

Age
Gender
Ethnicity

25

What are environmental determinants of health

Housing
Socioeconomic status
Access to education

26

What are lifestyle determinants of health

Smoking status
Wealth
Employment

27

What are healthcare determinants of health

Access
Quality
Economic factors

28

What is equity

What is fair and just

29

What is horizontal equity

Equal treatment for equal need

30

What is vertical equity

Unequal treatment for unequal need