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Flashcards in Public Health Pest Control 110 Deck (81)
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1

What government agency regulates pesticides?

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

2

FIFRA

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

3

Two pesticide classifications?

Unclassified Use (general use) and Restricted Use

4

A person who misuses pesticides inconsistent with the label are subject to what?

Penalties

5

Who Needs to be Licensed?

Person engaged in the business of applying pesticide or pest control for hire.

6

Pesticide Application Records need to contain what?

Name and address, location, target pest, site, pesticide with EPA #, dilution rate, application rate, time and date of application, carrier if not water, name of person who made application.

7

All invoice statements must contain?

"Commercial applicators are licensed by the Colorado Department of Agriculture"

8

True/False: The original product container with label or a copy of the pesticide label must be in possession of the applicator at site of application?

True

9

Pesticide Store Area requirments

Pesticide store separately, area must be posted and locked, clean and orderly, local fire department has Safety Data Sheet, fire extinguisher, containers labeled

10

Service Vehicle Equipment Identification

Identified on both sides of vehicle with company two inches high. City and State where records are kept, 1 inch high

11

Pesticide Notification Requirements

Oral notification before agricultural application, written notification after agricultural application (label will suffice)

12

Endangered Species Act

Act designed to protect animal and plant species threatened or endangered

13

Emergency Suspensions

A power held by the EPA to cancel or restrict certain pesticides that may jeopardize endangered species

14

Clean Water Act

Protects surface water and sets limits to protect aquatic life

15

Regulations to Control Communicable Diseases

Communicable Disease Programs monitor diseases which are transmitted from animals to humans such as plague, tularemia, West Nile Virus

16

Toxicity

Capacity of any substance to produce injury or death

17

Hazard

Possibility that injury will result from substance. Hazard = Toxicity x Exposure

18

Acute Toxicity

Immediate adverse effects from exposure

19

Chronic Toxicity

Longer periods to produce signs and symptoms from exposure

20

True/False: The label is a legal document

True

21

The most important part of handling pesticide?

Reading the label

22

Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

Provides information about the chemical ingredients including emergency information

23

PPE definition

Personal Protective Equipment

24

True/False: The label lists the minimum PPE required?

True

25

What area gets the most pesticide exposure?

Hands and forearms

26

Two types of respirators

Air-supplied and air purifying

27

How to avoid exposure to pesticides?

Proper PPE, washing hands, keeping food, drinks and tobacco products away from pesticides

28

Four types of pesticide exposure?

Oral, Dermal, Inhalation, Ocular

29

How to open a paper container?

A sharp knife - do not tear.

30

Define Heat Stress

When your body is subjected to more heat than it can cope with due to age, weight, fitness level, and pre-existing conditions

31

Symptoms of poisoning include

Vomiting, sweating, nausea, headache

32

In a pesticide emergency call?

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

33

First Aid Treatment for Dermal Exposure?

Drench with running water for 10-15 minutes, call poison control

34

First Aid Treatment for Ocular Exposure?

Rinse eye for 15 minutes, call poison control

35

First Aid Treatment for Inhaled Exposure?

Move victim to fresh air, if unconscious, call for paramedic assistance. Call poison control

36

First Aid Treatment for Oral Exposure?

Read the label instructions and call poison control and get victim to the hospital. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING unless label or medical professional directs you to

37

Three C's of spill management?

Control, Contain, Clean it up

38

True/False: We should inform the public to bring pets inside during pesticide applications

True

39

What are the best times to apply pesticides to minimize risk and exposure?

Early morning, evening, night time

40

Tolerance

Maximum amount of pesticide residue considered safe

41

True/False: Pesticide drift can cause residues on crops?

True

42

True/False: Good public relations are necessary when making pesticide applications?

True

43

Professional relations require?

Technical competence, professional appearance, professional attitude, ability to identify and resolve problems, educational materials for distribution.

44

What is considered "the environment"

Air, soil, water, plants, animals. Everything around you.

45

Phytotoxicity

Injury to plants

46

How to reduce harm to natural enemies?

Use selective pesticides rather than broad spectrum pesticides

47

Bioaccumulation

Build up of toxin from feeding on plants/animals that have been exposed to pesticides

48

True/False: a pond is not an example of surface water

False

49

Leaching

Movement of pesticides through soil

50

Adsorption

Pesticide held strongly to soil and less likely to leach

51

True/False: Drift can cause illegal residues

True

52

Two types of drift?

Vapor and Particle

53

Factors Affecting Drift?

Droplet size, Pesticide Formulation, Application Equipment, Weather Conditions, Atmospheric Conditions

54

How to reduce drift?

Reduce sprayer pressure, Drift reducing nozzles, Spray discs with larger openings, Adjuvants, little to no wind, Calibrated equipment

55

Examples of drift hazards?

Illegal residues, bee kills, water contamination

56

Disease

Negative interaction between host and a pathogen

57

Vector

An animal, capable of transmitting a disease causing agent or parasite from one host to another. Example: Mosquito transmitting West Nile to a person.

58

Pathogen

A disease-causing organism

59

Host

The living plant or animal a pest depends on for survival. Any plant or animal which another lives for nourishment.

60

Vector Borne Disease

Illness caused by a pathogen that is transmitted by an insect or tick from an infected individual to a susceptible individual

61

Mechanical Transmission

When a vector transports an organism such as bacteria on its feet, body hairs, or other body surfaces to the host.

62

Biological Transmission

Disease-causing pathogen that moves from one host to another host. Ticks and insects are important vectors of biological transmission.

63

Obligatory Vectors

When a pathogen develops from one life cycle to another.

64

Reservoir hosts

When a host species harbors a disease causing pathogen without necessarily showing symptoms of the disease.

65

Vertical Transmission

Some vectors pass the disease to their offspring through eggs.

66

Anthorpod Vectors

Invertebrate animals, mosquitoes and ticks are the most notable. Exoskeleton, cold blooded, appendages that are jointed, segmented body.

67

Complete metamorphosis (four stages)

Egg, larba, pupa, and adult

68

Arachnid

Spiders, mites, ticks. Eight legs, usually two body regions, the head and cephalothorax

69

Mosquito-borne diseases

Malaria, dengue, yellow fever, encephalitis

70

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain, possibly spinal cord. St Louis Encephalitis and Western Equine Encephalitis both examples caused by infected mosquitoes

71

West Nile Virus

Usually caused by a bite from an infected mosquito. Mosquito becomes infected when they feed on infected birds. Bird would be the reservoir host, the mosquito the vector, the human the dead end host of the pathogen.

72

Fly-borne Diseases

Typhoid Fever, Myiasis

73

Flea Developmental Stages

Egg, Larvae, Pupae, Adults

74

IPM definition

Integrated Pest Management

75

What is IPM?

Combination of mechanical, biological, environmental, and chemical control methods.

76

Six steps successful public health pest control

1. Identify
2. Evaluate
3. Select best control strategy
4. Implement control strategy
5. Evaluate control - Eradication is not generally possible
6. Educate customer

77

Surveillance Methods

Surveillance is the detection of pests, species involved, their population, and location

78

Contact Insecticides

Only kill parts of the organism they contact

79

Systemic Insecticides

Move (translocate) from the site of application to another site where they become effective

80

Contact vs stomach poison

One kills on contact, on kills when consumed.

81

Broad spectrum (non-selective) insecticides vs selective

Selective works only on certain pests. Broad spectrum works on several different pests but can damage beneficial insects as a consequence.