PURCELL: Movement 1 Flashcards Preview

A-Level Music- Baroque solo concerto > PURCELL: Movement 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PURCELL: Movement 1 Deck (26)
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1

What speed is this movement?

allegro

2

How any bars is it?

29

3

How many notes are used in total?

9

4

What does melodic idea 1 consist of?

2 semiquavers, 3 quavers
quaver, 2 semiquavers, 2 quavers

5

Melodic idea 1 characteristics

-fan-fare like
-triadic following D major
-decorated with upper auxiliaries
-leaps of 4ths and 5ths
-conjunct

6

How is a bright mood created?

-Major key of D major
-flurry of semi-quavers increase in each bar= excitement
-fast tempo of allegro
-trumpet timbre and high register
-large intervals (4ths and 5ths)
-flamboyant trill at cadence
-simple, detached chords in accompaniment = emphasises trumpet solo

7

Which instrument plays melodic idea 1 at the beginning

trumpet

8

Which instrument takes over melodic idea 1 after trumpet in bar 4?

Violins take over melody

9

How is violins melodic idea 1 different in bar 4?

It is rhythmically identical but a 4th lower (beginning on A to emphasise new key), similar to a fugal answer

10

What do violin 2 and viola do in bar 4?

Harmonise with violin melody in homorhythm

11

What is homorhythm?

Multiple instruments playing the same rhythm

12

What modulation occurs in bar 5 and how is it indictated?

modulation to A major indicated by G#s

13

What marks the end of a phrase/ section?

perfect cadence

14

What is the texture bars 7-10?

antiphonal texture

15

Between bars 7-11, when is the cadence to D major and what type of cadence is it?

the start of bar 11, perfect cadence (V-I)

16

When is melodic idea 2 established?

Bar 11

17

What does melodic idea 2 consist of?

falling, conjunct quavers

18

What are the characteristics of melodic idea 2?

-smooth
-conjunct
-descending
-in imitation
-quieter than melodic idea 1

19

What is imitation?

the repetition of a melody in a polyphonic texture shortly after its first appearance in a different voice/instrument

20

Which group of instruments imitate melodic idea 2?

strings

21

What indicates the modulation to B minor in bars 11-14?

A#s played by violin 2

22

What happens to melodic idea 2 in bar 14?

diminution of the start of the idea ( quavers to semiquavers= note value gets shorter)

23

What harmonic device is used in bar 17?

inverted tonic pedal

24

What suggests a modal change in bar 17?

c and f naturals

25

What is the modal change to and from?

A major to A minor

26

What type of chord is used to cadence back to D major in bar 20? Describe its function?

Pivot chord
The A major chord can act in two keys. It is chord I in E major and chord V in D major. Therefore, it pivots from E major the dominant of A minor (the current key) to D major which is chord IV in A