Flashcards in PURCELL: Movement 1 Deck (26)
What speed is this movement?
How any bars is it?
How many notes are used in total?
What does melodic idea 1 consist of?
2 semiquavers, 3 quavers
quaver, 2 semiquavers, 2 quavers
Melodic idea 1 characteristics
-triadic following D major
-decorated with upper auxiliaries
-leaps of 4ths and 5ths
How is a bright mood created?
-Major key of D major
-flurry of semi-quavers increase in each bar= excitement
-fast tempo of allegro
-trumpet timbre and high register
-large intervals (4ths and 5ths)
-flamboyant trill at cadence
-simple, detached chords in accompaniment = emphasises trumpet solo
Which instrument plays melodic idea 1 at the beginning
Which instrument takes over melodic idea 1 after trumpet in bar 4?
Violins take over melody
How is violins melodic idea 1 different in bar 4?
It is rhythmically identical but a 4th lower (beginning on A to emphasise new key), similar to a fugal answer
What do violin 2 and viola do in bar 4?
Harmonise with violin melody in homorhythm
What is homorhythm?
Multiple instruments playing the same rhythm
What modulation occurs in bar 5 and how is it indictated?
modulation to A major indicated by G#s
What marks the end of a phrase/ section?
What is the texture bars 7-10?
Between bars 7-11, when is the cadence to D major and what type of cadence is it?
the start of bar 11, perfect cadence (V-I)
When is melodic idea 2 established?
What does melodic idea 2 consist of?
falling, conjunct quavers
What are the characteristics of melodic idea 2?
-quieter than melodic idea 1
What is imitation?
the repetition of a melody in a polyphonic texture shortly after its first appearance in a different voice/instrument
Which group of instruments imitate melodic idea 2?
What indicates the modulation to B minor in bars 11-14?
A#s played by violin 2
What happens to melodic idea 2 in bar 14?
diminution of the start of the idea ( quavers to semiquavers= note value gets shorter)
What harmonic device is used in bar 17?
inverted tonic pedal
What suggests a modal change in bar 17?
c and f naturals
What is the modal change to and from?
A major to A minor