Pysch 2.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pysch 2.2 Deck (31):
1

Caffeine Withdrawal

Abrupt cessation and 3 or more w/in 24h Headache Marked fatigue/drowsiness

2

Alcohol Use Disorder - severity levels

Mild: presence of two-three symptoms
Moderate: presence of four-five symptoms
Severe: presence of six or more symptoms

3

What substance is taken to help with alochol withdrawal

Benzodiazepine

4

Caffeine Intoxication

recent concumption >250mg & 5 or more pts

5

CAFFEINE –RELATED DISORDERS

Caffeine Intoxication / Caffeine Withdrawal

6

Delirium tremens

5 to 12 percent of patients & can be fatal Always associated with Delirium but can cause extreme early withdrawal S&S

7

Excessive ETOH for 1 week leads to

Mild withdrawal S&S

8

Extremely high caffeine doses can cause

grand mal seizures, respiratory failure , and death

9

CANNABIS-RELATED DISORDERS

Cannabis Use Disorder, Cannabis Intoxication, Cannabis Withdrawal

10

Alcohol Use Disorder - In a controlled environment

access to alcohol is restricted

11

Delirium tremens risk factors

Sustained drinking, >30YO, Concurrent disease, withdrawal in prescence of elevated ETOH. After 2 days of quitting

12

Cannabis Withdrawal

Daily use over a period of at least a few months, 3 or more w/in one week.

13

Early alcohol withdrawal S&S will either

Resolve in a day or two, or progress to severe S&S

14

Cannabis Intoxication treament meds

Benzodiazepines, Antipsychotics, anti-seizure meds

15

Caffeine facts

T1/2 = 4-6 hrs High doses (5-10g) may req medical attention Older age intensifies rx to caffeine

16

Alcohol Withdrawal syndrome

Results from sudden reduction in chronic alcohol use. 2 or more

17

Severe EtOH Withdrawal causes

Delirium tremens 72 to 96 hours after the last drink

18

Alcohol Use Disorder - In sustained remission

sober for a period of twelve months or longer

19

Alcohol intoxication levels of treatment

Mild = observation
Moderate = fluid rehydration
Severe = Thiamine bolus, monitor respiratory depression

20

Early alcohol withdrawal

Sweating, palpitations, N/V, HTN, insomnia, agitation, anxiety, sinus tachycardia >120bpm

21

Cannabis inhalation efx

peak effects felt at 15 to 30 minutes and lasting up to
four hours

22

Alcohol Withdrawal: Clinical Symptoms begin w/in

6-12h of last drink or dramatic reduction.

23

Alcohol Intoxication

Recent ingestion w/ significant behavior changes w/ one or more S&S

24

THC t1/2

25 to 36 hours

25

Heavy caffeine use >400mg causes

anxiety, somatic s&s, and GI distress

26

Cannabis ingestion efx

delayed onset peaks from 30m to 3h. Clinical effects may last up to 12 hours

27

Excessive ETOH for 1 month leads to

Significant withdrawal S&S

28

Cannabis Intoxication

2 or more w/in 2H - Red eye, munchies, cotton mouth, tachycardia

29

EtOH Withdrawal treatment meds

1st line - Benzo's / 2nd line - anticonvulsants (Carbamazepine/Phenytoin)

30

Substance-Use Related Disorders

problematic pattern of substance use leading to significant impairment or distress, w/ 2 or more in 12 month period

31

EtOH Withdrawal treatment

Outpatient - PO tolerable, not preg, no delirium/etoh seizure hx, commits to appts, and has close contact to help monitor.